Role of immunohistochemical markers in evaluating the malignant potential of molar pregnancies

Suganthi, C (2018) Role of immunohistochemical markers in evaluating the malignant potential of molar pregnancies. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

Hydatidiform mole is the most common form of gestational trophoblastic disease occurring one in every 1000 pregnancies which results from abnormal fertilization and characterized by hydropic swelling of placental villi and trophoblastic hyperplasia. Histopathologically there is considerable interobserver and intraobserver variability in distinguishing hydropic abortion from hydatidiform mole and complete hydatidiform mole from partial hydatidiform mole. The distinction is important because approximately 10-30% of complete mole and 0.5-5% of partial moles can progress to persistent trophoblastic disease. In addition, distinction of hydatidiform mole from Non molar pregnancy can be problematic in several situations, including: (a) products of conception specimens (POCs) with abnormal villous morphology (a nonmolar type of villous abnormality having some morphologic features suggestive of a PHM (partial hydatidiform mole) but lacking the diandric triploidy required for a definitive diagnosis of PHM, sometimes attributable to other genetic abnormalities such as trisomy). (b) early nonmolar abortuses with prominent trophoblastic hyperplasia. (c) hydropic abortuses and (d) mosaic/chimeric conceptions. Immunohistochemical study by using the markers CONCLUSION: • P57 is used as a potential marker in differentiating partial mole and hydropic abort us from complete mole, hence avoiding unnecessary DNA analysis. • The over expression of p21 in complete mole, invasive mole and choriocarcinoma indicates its association with proliferative activity, hence it’s a useful marker to assess the malignant potential of molar pregnancy. P21 targeted therapy is available in the market, so it can be used as a therapeutic marker.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gestational trophoblastic disease ; immunohistochemistry ; p57 ; p21.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Pathology
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2018 01:37
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2018 01:37
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/9290

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