Effects of deep breathing exercise on cardiopulmonary function in the adolescents

Kavitha, S (2012) Effects of deep breathing exercise on cardiopulmonary function in the adolescents. Masters thesis, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli.


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Recently, deep breathing exercise(DBE) is used as a non- pharmacological adjunct in the treatment of hypertension, anxiety and diabetes mellitus. The present study was undertaken in 146 student volunteers, doing the first year M.B.B.S course in Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli in the adolescent age group (17-19 years). The aim was to study the effects of deep breathing exercise on the cardiopulmonary function and to assess the anxiety level by pretest and post-test technique in those individuals, who were trained for doing deep breathing exercise for a period of 12 weeks. The cardiopulmonary parameters include pulse rate(/min) , systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) and FVC, FEV1, FEV1/ FVC, PEF at the beginning prior to the DBE, and at the end of 4, 8, and 12 weeks; and anxiety level in terms of Brief Patient Health Questionnaire (English) before and after DBE. The lung parameters were carried out with a computerized spirometer—Super Spiro. The various data was collected, tabulated, and statistically analysed and all the parameters were found to be highly significant (p<0.001). Results indicate that, regular practice of DBE increases parasympathetic activity and lung compliance. To conclude, this study reveals the usefulness of deep breathing exercise as non-pharmacological adjunct in reducing the anxiety among the students and improving the efficacy of pulmonary and cardiovascular functions.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep Breathing Exercise ; Cardiovascular and pulmonary parameters ; Anxiety level.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Physiology
Depositing User: Punitha K
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2018 02:30
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2018 02:30
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/8514

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