Incidence and outcome of cutaneous malignancies in Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore

Saravana Raju, K S (2013) Incidence and outcome of cutaneous malignancies in Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore. Masters thesis, Coimbatore Medical College, Coimbatore.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of skin cancers are increasing worldwide. Prolonged and excessive exposure to UVB rays of sunlight is the major risk factor for skin cancers. Even though skin cancers are rare in India, Non Melanoma Skin Cancer (NMSC) is increasing in Indian population. Skin cancers are curable once diagnosed and treated early. BACKGROUND: Study period - from September 2011 to November 2012. Study population taken from Coimbatore medical college hospital from surgery, dermatology and plastic surgery departments. OBJECTIVES: To study about the incidence, clinical and anatomical presentation of various types of cutaneous malignancies and its histological features, the various appropriate treatment modalities available in our hospital and the morbidity and mortality with available facilities and modalities of treatment. RESULTS: As compared with previous studies the incidences of skin cancers have increased at present. 45 cases of skin cancers were diagnosed. SCC-(69%), BCC-(22%), MM-(9%). SCC had their higher incidence among our patients. Most of the lesions presented in lower limb and foot. Most patients were between 40-70 years of age. BCC and SCC together had increase in incidence in female population. More number of BCC was diagnosed in females. MM had the low incidence in our population. In case of diagnosed patients, we were able to give complete cure at most possible. CONCLUSION: Skin cancer is becoming more common cancer among the Indians due to their excessive and prolonged exposure to UVR of sun light. It is totally curable once diagnosed and treated at early. The best modality of the diagnosis is by subjecting the lesions for biopsy. By obtaining the proper history, clinical examination and strong suspicion on each and every non healing ulcer, changes in the mole one can diagnose skin cancers early. The best modality of treatment in our setup is surgery.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Non melanoma skin cancer ; cutaneous malignancies ; squamous cell carcinoma ; basal cell carcinoma ; malignant melanoma.
Subjects: MEDICAL > General Surgery
Depositing User: Devi S
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2018 18:18
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2018 18:18
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/8344

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