Study of Ankle Brachial Index in Systemic Hypertension

Deepa, Avadhani (2015) Study of Ankle Brachial Index in Systemic Hypertension. Masters thesis, Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic peripheral artery disease is common in patients with systemic hypertension. Ankle brachial index is an easy method to detect asymptomatic peripheral artery disease. ABI of ≤ 0.9 indicates peripheral artery disease. Presence of peripheral artery disease indicates the presence of atherosclerosis and predicts high cardiovascular risk. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the effect of systemic hypertension on ankle brachial index and to assess the effect of age, sex, body mass index and duration of hypertension on ankle brachial index. METHODS: After excluding the patients with exclusion criteria 198 hypertensive patients who visited the department of medicine, Kilpauk Medical College Hospital were studied. Patient details were recorded as per the proforma which included age, sex, BMI, duration of hypertension, ankle brachial index. Data was maintained in master chart and analysed. RESULTS: Prevalence of asymptomatic PAD was 47% in this study. ABI was ≤0.9 in 46.8% of males in this study. ABI was ≤0.9 in 47.8% of females in this study. There was inverse correlation between age and ABI. There was inverse correlation between duration of hypertension and ABI. There was inverse correlation between pulse pressure and ABI. There was inverse correlation between ABI and BMI.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ankle Brachial Index ; Systemic Hypertension.
Subjects: MEDICAL > General Medicine
Depositing User: Punitha K
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 18:53
Last Modified: 19 May 2018 01:39
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/7899

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