A study on otorhinolaryngologic manifestations in HIV infected patients.

Rajendran, S (2006) A study on otorhinolaryngologic manifestations in HIV infected patients. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.


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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome(AIDS), caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) is a major public health problem and is a major killer throughout the world. It is the biggest challenge for the medical community to treat and effectively cure the disease. The ENT and Head & Neck Surgeons have the main responsibility in the earlier recognition of ENT and Head & Neck manifestations of HIV infection and to treat accordingly. Out of the 50 HIV positive patients, who had some form of ENT symptoms, majority of the patients were of the age group 30-39 years (66%). Males (66%) outnumbered females (34%) in this study. Majority of the patients belong to low socioeconomic group (60%). This study concluded that the most common ENT manifestation in HIV/AIDS is Oral Candidiasis (40%). The next common manifestation is Cervical Lymphadenopathy (30%). Other common manifestations are Oral Herpes Simplex and Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Less common manifestations are, Chronic Sinusitis, Tuberculous Laryngitis, Chronic Otitis Media, Oral Hairy Leukoplakia, Nasal polyps and Kaposi’s sarcoma. Of these lesions Oral candidiasis, Chronic/recurrent mucocutaneous Herpes Simplex, Oral Hairy Leukoplakia and Kaposi’s sarcoma are the AIDS defining illnesses. Oral Hairy leukoplakia though rare, is virtually pathognomonic of HIV infection. These lesions are specific to HIV/AIDS. Other nonspecific manifestations like Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Chronic Sinusitis etc, are also common in HIV/AIDS. These manifestations help ENT surgeons, to recognize HIV/AIDS patients from the specific ENT lesions occurring in them, for early diagnosis and subsequent treatment.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV; otorhinolaryngologic manifestations
Subjects: MEDICAL > Otorhinolaryngology
Depositing User: Devi S
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2017 06:01
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 06:01
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/708

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