Breastfeeding pattern and its effect on cognitive and physical development among toddlers

Kalyani, P (2011) Breastfeeding pattern and its effect on cognitive and physical development among toddlers. Masters thesis, Dr. G. Sakunthala College of Nursing, Trichy.

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Abstract

A study to correlate the breastfeeding pattern and its effect on cognitive and physical development among toddlers at selected balwadis in Trichy, 2010 – 2011. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: 1. To assess the cognitive and physical development of exclusively breastfed toddlers. 2. To assess the cognitive and physical development of partially breastfed toddlers. 3. To find out relationship between cognitive and physical development of exclusively breastfed and partially breastfed toddlers. 4. To compare cognitive and physical development of exclusively breastfed and partially breastfed toddlers. 5. To find out association of selected background variables with cognitive development of exclusively breastfed toddlers. 6. To find out association of selected background variables with cognitive development of partially breastfed toddlers. 7. To find out association of selected background variables with physical development (BMI and MAC) of exclusively breastfed toddlers. 8. To find out association of selected background variables with physical development (BMI and MAC) of partially breastfed toddlers. MAJOR FINDINGS: 1. There was a significant positive correlation between the cognitive and physical development [body mass index and mid arm circumference] of exclusively and partially breastfed toddlers. 2. The mean exclusively breastfed toddlers’ cognitive development and physical development (BMI AND MAC) was higher than the mean partially breastfed toddlers’ and the obtained ‘t’value was not significant. 3. There was no significant association between the selected background variables and cognitive development of exclusively and partially breastfed toddlers. 4. Significant association between the physical development (body mass index) of exclusively breastfed toddler and background variable only for the birth order and there is no significant association found between the selected background variable with physical development (Mid Arm Circumference) of exclusively breastfed toddler. 5. There was no significant association between the selected background variables with physical development (body mass index and Mid Arm Circumference) of partially breastfed toddlers. CONCLUSION: Adequate nutrition during early years of life is of paramount importance for growth, development and long term health through adulthood. The essential fatty acids present in breast milk are solely responsible for the cognitive development in the children .So exclusively breastfed toddlers were shown excellent cognitive functioning. The physical development (BMI and MAC) of toddlers not only depends upon breastfeeding, it mostly relies on complementary feeding introduced at the correct age. The study concluded that the longer duration of breastfeeding will improve the cognitive development and physical development.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breastfeeding Pattern; Cognitive And Physical Development; Toddlers
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2018 09:31
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2018 09:31
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/6939

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