A study to evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy in reducing the level of anxiety among hospitalized children at the age group of 6-12 years at selected hospitals in Dindigul district.

Mathivadhani, R (2016) A study to evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy in reducing the level of anxiety among hospitalized children at the age group of 6-12 years at selected hospitals in Dindigul district. Masters thesis, Sakthi College of Nursing, Dindigul.

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Abstract

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy in reducing the level of anxiety among hospitalized children at the age group of 6-12 years at selected hospitals inDindigul District was done by Ms.Mathivadhani.R as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of science in Nursing to the TamilnaduDr.MGR. Medical University Chennai During the year of 2013-2016. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the pre test and post test level of anxiety among hospitalized children at the age group of 6-12 years in the control and experimental group, evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy among elderly hospitalized children at the age group of 6-12 years in the experimental group , to find out the association between the level of anxiety among hospitalized children at the age group of 6-12 years and their selected demographic variables and in the control and experimental group. In this study a quasi experimental, non randomized control group pre test –post test design was adopted. Purposive sampling technique was used to select each 30 samples in experimental and control group. Structured interview schedule was used to collect the demographic data of the study participants. Modified Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A scale) was used to assess the level of anxiety. Experimental group received intervention ofplay therapy for 30 minutes – 1 hour and immediately post test was done. RESULT: The result shows that, with regard to age,10(33.3%) in control group and 9(30%) in experimental group belongs to the age group of 6 -8 years whereas 10(33.4%) in control group and 11(36.7%) in experimental group are at the age between 9 -10 years and 10 (33.3%) in control group and 10(33.3%) in experimental group are at the age group of 11-12 years. Considering the gender, 16(53.3%) were males in both control and experimental group and 14(46.7%) were females in both control and experimental group. With respect to the education,11(36.7%) in control group and 10(33.3%) in experimental group were studying 1 -3rdstd and 6 -7thstd whereas 8(26.6%) in control group and 10(33.3%) in experimental group are studying 4 – 5th std. In relation to history of previous hospitalization, 15(50%) in control group and 16(53.3%) in experimental group had previous hospitalization while 15(50%) in control group and 14(46.7%) in experimental group had not previously hospitalized. Regarding the history of surgery,23(76.7%) in control group and 25(83.3%) in experimental group had no history of surgery. In relation to primary caregiver, majority of the primary caregiver are mother (83.3%) in control group and 73.3% in experimental group. With respect to religion,14(46.7%) in control group are muslim whereas 17(56.7%) in experimental group belongs to hindu religion. With regard to area of residency,17(56.7%) in control group and 16(53.3%) in experimental group are living in urban area while 13(43.3&) in control group and 14(46.7%) in experimental group belongs to rural area. Considering about the monthly income,23(76.7%) in control group and 19(63.3%) in experimental group earns Rs.5000 -10,000 per month. Whereas 5 (16.6%) in control group and 7(23.3%) in experimental group earning Rs.10,000 and above. In relation to the order of the child,11(36.7%) are first born in their family in both control and experimental group. Majority of the children are second born in the family ie.,10(33.3%) in control group and 12(40%) in experimental group. With respect to education of parents, in control group, 11(36.7%) completed secondary education and in experimental group, 11(36.7%) completed elementary education. Illiterates are about 10% in control group and 13.3% in experimental group whereas3(10%) in control group and 7(23.3% )in experimental group were graduated. FINDING: Findings shows that in control group 17(56.7%) subjects experienced moderate anxiety,11(36.7%) had severe anxiety,2(6.6%) demonstrates very severe anxiety in pre test and 21(70%) shown moderate anxiety,6(20%) experienced severe anxiety and 3(10%) expressed very severe anxiety in the post test. In experimental group,18(60%) had moderate anxiety,9(30%) shown severe anxiety,3(10%) expressed very severe anxiety in pre testwhereas in post test 14(46.7%) had mild anxiety and 16(53.3%) demonstrated moderate anxiety. The calculated „t‟ value in the experimental group were 8.79 which was statistically highly significant at p<0.001 level which clearly shows that the play therapy was effective in reducing the level of anxiety among hospitalized children at the age group of 6 -12 years. The obtained „t‟ value between control and experimental group is 6.89 which was highly significant at p<0.001 level. These findings concluded that the play therapy was effective approach in reducing the level of anxiety among hospitalized children in the experimental group. There was a significant association between the demographic variable, religion and the level of anxiety among hospitalized children in the control group at p<0.05 level. Whereas there is no significant association with other selected demographic variables. In the experimental group, there was a significant association between education of parents and the level of anxiety at p<0.05 level among hospitalized children .Whereas there is no significant difference with other selected demographic variables.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Play Therapy; Reducing the Level of Anxiety; Hospitalized Children; Age Group Of 6-12 Years; Dindigul
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 07:22
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2018 07:22
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/6925

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