A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Level of Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Immunization among the Mothers of Under Five Children in Selected Rural Area at Dindugal

Ajeesh, - (2017) A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Level of Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Immunization among the Mothers of Under Five Children in Selected Rural Area at Dindugal. Masters thesis, Jainee College of Nursing, Dindigul.

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Abstract

SUMMARY: A study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on immunization among mothers of children in selected area of Dindugal. The research design of the study is quasi experimental research design with one group pretest and posttest. Total 30 mothers were taken who have under 5 children, purposive sampling technique was used to select the mothers. The conceptual model of the study was general system model. A structured knowledge questionnaire was prepared by the investigator, consisting two sections. SECTION 1: Demographic data. SECTION2: Structured Knowledge questionnaires and attitude scale regarding immunization. The gathered data was tabulated, grouped and analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics i.e., frequency, percentage, paired’ test, chi-square test were used for analysis. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: Regarding Age of the mother, maximum 15 (50%) mothers were between the ages of 24-28. Regarding Religion, maximum 17 (56.66%) mothers were Hindu. Regarding education of the mother, maximum 9(30%) mothers were completed primary education, 8(26.66%) mothers had no formal education. 58 Regarding source of information, maximum 8(26.66%) mothers were got the information through the radio. In pre test, the majority of the mothers 16(53.33%) had inadequate knowledge regarding immunization. In post test, the majority mothers 25(83.33%) had moderate knowledge regarding immunization. In pre test, the majority of the mothers 19(63.33%) had poor attitude regarding immunization. In post test, the majority mothers 24(80%) had average attitude regarding immunization While comparing the pre test (mean score 11.16) knowledge score regarding immunization most of the mothers were scored more in the post test (mean score 14.2). While comparing the pre test (mean score 14.6) attitude score regarding immunization most of the mothers were scored more in the post test (mean score 17.4). There is significant association between knowledge and age of the mother and occupation of the mother. But there was no association between religion, education and source of information with the post test knowledge score. There is significant association between attitude and age of the mother and occupation of the mother. But there was no association between religion, education and source of information with the post test attitude score. IMPLICATIONS: Nursing is a dynamic process, which involves quality-based practice, scientific knowledge and dissemination of research knowledge in to practice. Nursing professional find that the health promotion is very relevant useful in a variety of settings. So the present study adds major implications in to various areas of nursing to help mothers who have below 5 yrs children about immunization. NURSING PRACTICE: WHO says nursing has wide scope in primary health area. Health care can not provided by one agency. It is up to the individual to take care. A timely enlighten bring numerical changes in health behavior 59 Nurse can use the planed health education program to teach the mothers who have under 5 children to provide adequate knowledge on immunization. Nurse can educate the mothers who have under 5 children about important of immunization. Nurse can use the charts to provide further reference for mothers on immunization. Measures can be taken to prevent disease through mass media. NURSING EDUCATION: Nurse educators should encourage the nursing students to conduct immunization awareness programme in the community/ as well as in the hospital. Nurse educator should motivate the learners to identify the problems and reason for non acceptance of vaccine and find out the solution for the problem. The importance of immunization should be included in the nursing curriculum which is considered as the optional vaccine. NURSING ADMINISTRATION: Nurse administrator can disseminate the research knowledge into practice, so that the under five children can be benefited. Nurse administrator can conduct seminar / workshop on pneumococcal vaccination for the nurses to improve the knowledge regarding pneumococcal vaccination among mothers of under five children. Nursing administrator motivate the community health nurse to prepare pamphlets / other A.V aids to impart knowledge regarding pneumococcal vaccination in rural area. NURSING RESEARCH: The study can be a baseline for future studies to build upon. Future researcher study could be done to identify the factors influencing adherence / non adherence of immunization. Extensive research can be conducted regarding immunization by using self instructional module. 60 RECOMMENDATIONS: A comparative study can be done between urban mothers and rural mothers who have under 5 children. A similar study can be conducted with large samples. Study can be done using different methods of teaching. Future studies can be conducted on knowledge and factors influence noncompliance of optional vaccine among mothers. CONCLUSION: The structured teaching programme through flash cards found to be very effective in improving the knowledge and attitude among mothers who have below 5 yrs children on immunization. The knowledge and attitude regarding immunization was improved by health teaching through flash cards. Being as a nurses, our main responsibility is try to make our India, free from communicable disease by providing immunization for all under five children.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Reg. No. 301518201
Uncontrolled Keywords: Structured Teaching Programme ; Level of Knowledge ; Attitude ; Immunization ; Mothers of Under Five Children ; Selected Rural Area ; Dindugal.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 19:04
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2019 11:36
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/6884

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