A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Bibliotherapy on Raising Self- Esteem among Nursing Students in Selected, Nurse’s Home at Chennai

Nagammal, M (2017) A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Bibliotherapy on Raising Self- Esteem among Nursing Students in Selected, Nurse’s Home at Chennai. Masters thesis, College of Nursing, Madras Medical College, Chennai.


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Adolescence is considered a challenging stage of a girl’s life. It is a transition period from childhood to adulthood of a girl that involves psychological changes, developments in cognition and emotion, changes in social roles with peers and the opposite sex, and considerations of school and career. NEED FOR THE STUDY: Self esteem refers to an individual’s sense of his or her value or worth or the extent to which a person values, approves, appreciates, or likes himself or herself. Self esteem is an important evaluative component of self concept and has a value in the life of every human being. A non drug method of inducing psychotherapy method may be preferred for raising self esteem among adolescent nursing students. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: 1. To identify the socio demographic variables of the nursing students. 2. To assess the existing level of knowledge of self esteem among nursing students. 3. To determine the effectiveness of bibliotherapy on improving self esteem among nursing students. 4. To find the association between pretest and post test scores with selected demographic variables. METHODOLOGY: Research Approach: The research approach used for this study is quantitative approach. Duration of Study: 4 weeks from 20.11.2016 to 18.12.2016. Study Setting: Nurses Home, Chennai. Study Design: The research design selected for this study is one group pre test - post test design. Study Population: Nursing students residing in Nurses Home, Chennai. Sample Size: The sample size of the study is 60 nursing students with low self esteem. DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE: Informed consent was obtained from the nursing students. Confidentiality of shared information was assured. The pre-test was conducted in the group. The self esteem was assessed by the interview method with Rosenberg Self esteem Evaluation Scale, which took 20 minutes for each person. The intervention was carried over by each student group in 30-40 minutes for 15 days. Every day for the 15 students bibliotherapy issues related to components, resources, reading materials, self esteem develops and maintained. Practical self-help book based on fiction stories. It is engaging and very accessible with real world examples on 16th day post test was conducted. PLAN FOR DATA ANALYSIS: The data were tabulated and analysed using descriptive statistics like mean, standard deviation, frequency distribution and percentage. Inferential statistics like paired t-test, Mc.Nemars test and Chi-square test. RESULT OF THE STUDY: 1. At pre-test the nursing students level of self esteem is low, when compared to the post test. 2. After bibliotherapy was, 10.0% of the nursing students had low level of self esteem, 3. Medium level of self esteem was 38.3% and 4. Highest level of self esteem was (51.7%). Therefore, the posttest level was statistically very significant. 5. Age in years (2=6.00 p=0.05*DF=2), occupation of parents (χ2=6.39 p=0.05* DF=2), average time spent for study (χ2=5.45p =0.02* DF=2), and interested to read books (χ2=5.45p =0.02* DF=2) and participating in bibliotherapy had raised self esteem level of experimental group than control group. DISCUSSION: Effectiveness of bibliotherapy in raising self esteem among nursing students resides nurses home by comparing pretest and posttest level score. Each domain wise self esteem level gain that markedly increased among nursing students had gained 39% of self esteem level. The findings of study are more or less similar with study done by Sepideh Salimi (2014) the Job self-esteem mean score had no meaningful difference in both groups before the intervention (P = 0.8), but the score in study group was more than Control group after the intervention (P = 0.05). CONCLUSION: The study shows that bibliotherapy enhances the level of self esteem among nursing students. Hence the govt. and the academicians should take efforts by facilitating all types of reading materials (General books, Story books, Books that improve moral values etc.), to the students especially those who are staying in the hostels. Hence future generation will develop confident, self direction, awareness of personal and strength, optimism, ability to solve the problem, independent and cooperative attitudes.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bibliotherapy ; Raising Self- Esteem ; Nursing Students ; Nurse’s Home ; Chennai.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ravindran C
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 11:12
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 02:19
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/6875

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