Anthropometry data for adoloscent school going children and study on sexual and menustrual awareness in class XI and XII students

Devi, A (2006) Anthropometry data for adoloscent school going children and study on sexual and menustrual awareness in class XI and XII students. Masters thesis, Christian Medical College, Vellore.


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INTRODUCTION: Adolescence, a period of transition between childhood and adulthood, occupies a crucial position in the life of human beings. This period is characterized by rapid changes in body size, shape and physiology as well as psychosocial functioning. The exceptionally rapid rate of growth during this time is due to pubertal growth spurt. There is much individual variation in timing and degree of pubertal growth due to nutritional status and ethnic, cultural and social differences AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To construct growth chart for weight and height for adolescent school going children aged 12-17years of Vellore town. 2. To compare the Vellore town growth chart with CDC and Indian population reference chart. 3. To assess the knowledge of adolescent girls about menarche and menstruation. 4. To study the attitude and awareness, of puberty and sexual health in adolescent school going boys and girls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study performed in the period between June and July 2006. Sample Design: The study was conducted in both English and Tamil medium schools in Vellore town. The list comprising of 26 schools in Vellore town was obtained from the District education officer. These schools were stratified based on location of school into urban and rural, and based on medium of education into Tamil and English. Seven schools were randomly selected from the list. Of these seven schools, three were rural (one was Tamil, one was English and one was both Tamil and English medium schools) and 4 were urban (one was Tamil, one was English, two were both Tamil and English medium schools). Consent was obtained from the principal of the concerned school. The study team comprised of investigator and a house surgeon from Department of Child Health collected the data. Age of children was determined from the register of the school. It was decided to study approximately 200 boys and 200 girls in each class. Only those children who were listed in the register to be in the age group of 12 to 17 years were included. The children were divided on the basis of age from 12 to 17 years with class intervals of 6 months. For convenience we used systematic sampling rather than random sampling for the selection of both boys and girls. Children whose birth dates were not known were excluded. CONCLUSIONS: 1. The mean height and weight of girls were more than boys upto 13.5 years but later boys gain weight and height beyond 14 years, which is probably due to earlier puberty in girls. 2. Our anthropometry indices of boys and girls are comparable to Agarwal study till 14 years of age. 3. The anthropometric indices of boys and girls are much lower when compared with CDC. 4. Knowledge about sexual awareness was more among girls. 5. Knowledge and attitude about sexual awareness was more among English medium boys and girls. 6. The English medium girls had a better attitude towards menarche.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anthropometry data ; adoloscent school going children ; sexual and menustrual awareness ; class XI and XII students.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Paediatrics
Depositing User: Kambaraman B
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2018 02:56

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