An Experimental study to Assess the Effectiveness of Abdominal Strengthening Exercises in Working Women following Normal Delivery

Durga Devi, R (2011) An Experimental study to Assess the Effectiveness of Abdominal Strengthening Exercises in Working Women following Normal Delivery. Masters thesis, College of Physiotherapy, Trinity Mission and Medical Foundation, Madurai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is one of the miraculous and happiest moments in our life. It is a blessing from above and the joy that brings after all the pain of labour is unmatched. Living birth is the number one factor that brings about a big change to a women’s body. They undergo many postural and biomechanical changes following labour. A number of women experience trouble bringing their abdomen back to its original shape and size after child birth. After child birth the abdominal muscles are being stretched and elongated and sagging, the split between the two recti abdominal is called diastasis or divarication following labour. As a result the entire abdominal “corset” will be weakened with very little apparent mechanical support. In addition to this there will be increased elasticity of ligament and the back will be more vulnerable to injury resulting from incorrect use. As a result of overstretched and weak abdominal muscle the patient experience difficulty in initiating micturition and inability to control bladder when she desires to void become apparent there is a leakage when the intraabdominal pressure is raised by coughing, sneezing and laughing. When she walks aware of an almost lack of abdominal control. STATEMENT OF THE STUDY: An experimental study to assess the effectiveness of abdominal strengthening exercises in working women following normal delivery. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of abdominal strengthening exercises in working women following normal delivery. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the abdominal muscle strength in working women following normal delivery. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of abdominal strengthening exercise in working women following normal delivery. 3. To determine changes after abdominal muscle training attending the programme in working women following normal delivery. METHODOLOGY: The study is experimental in nature. 20 samples are taken. Pretest measurement is taken for abdominal muscle strength using dynamic abdominal endurance scale. After which the abdominal strengthening exercise was given to the patient. After that posttest measurement is taken in a similar fashion in a set of pretest measurement. Setting of the Study: The study was conducted in postnatal wards in Parkkavan Hospital, Trichy. Population Sample: The samples that fulfill the selection criteria were the population for the study. Sampling Method: Purposive sampling method was done in post natal wards. Criteria for Selection: 1. Mothers who are willing to participate. 2. Mothers who had normal delivery with no other medical complications. Inclusion Criteria: 1. Mothers of age between 20- 30 yrs, 2. Normal delivery mother’s, 3. Working mother’s. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Mother’s above the age of 30 yrs, 2. Mother’s with Caesarian section, 3. Mother’s with severe postnatal problems, 4. House wives. RESULTS: This study presented the assessment of effectiveness of abdominal strengthening exercise program for 20 study samples of working woman following normal delivery. Among the selected participants most of them found weak abdominal muscles. Abdominal strengthening program was given to the participants. The study carried out had a correlation with the literature review. The statistical interpretation of the Mean and Standard Deviation shows the improvement in abdominal muscle strength. Test statistics for strength calculated has been compared with tabulated T-test values. It is found that the calculated test statistics (17.44) from the recorded values is higher than the tabulated value (2.093). So we rejected the null hypothesis and accept the hypothesis, saying that there is significant improvement in strength following strengthening exercise program for working woman following normal delivery. CONCLUSION: The statistical analysis done from the pretest and posttest values of abdominal endurance test score showed that abdominal strengthening exercise program had a significant effect in improving the abdominal muscle strength for working woman following normal delivery.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Reg.No.27091210
Uncontrolled Keywords: Abdominal Strengthening Exercises ; Working Women ; Normal Delivery.
Subjects: PHYSIOTHERAPY > Physiotherapy in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Depositing User: Kambaraman B
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 02:54
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 02:55
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/6335

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