Effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on level of depression among geriatrics in selected old age homes at Kanyakumari

Suji, S (2014) Effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on level of depression among geriatrics in selected old age homes at Kanyakumari. Masters thesis, Sri. K. Ramachandran Naidu College of Nursing, Sankarankovil.

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Abstract

“A study to assess the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on level of depression among geriatrics in selected old age homes at Kanyakumari” was done by Mrs. S. Suji as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Nursing at Sri. K. Ramachandran Naidu College of nursing, Tirunelveli under the Tamil Nadu Dr. M. G. R. Medical University, Chennai during the year of April 2014. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the pre test level of depression among geriatrics in experimental and control group. 2. To assess the post test level of depression among geriatrics in experimental and control group. 3. To find out the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on level of depression among geriatrics in experimental group. 4. To compare the pre test and post test level of depression among geriatrics in experimental group. 5. To associate the post test level of depression in experimental and control group with their selected demographic variables. HYPOTHESES: All hypotheses are tested at 0.05 level. RH1 - The mean post test level of depression among geriatrics in experimental group was significantly lower than the mean post test level of depression in control group. RH2 - The mean post test level of depression was significantly lower than the mean pre test level of depression in the experimental group. RH3 – There was a significant association between the post test level of depression among geriatrics in experimental and control group with their selected demographic variables. The study was based on the Imogene King’s Goal Attainment Theory. The Quantitative approach was used for this study. The study was conducted in St. Mary’s home for aged and St. Joseph’s old age home at Kanyakumari. The design adopted for this study was quasi experimental pre test and post test control group design to evaluate the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on level of depression among geriatrics. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to select 30 samples for control group from St. Joseph’s old age home and the same method was used to select 30 samples for experimental group from St. Mary’s home for aged. The data collection tool used for the study was Modified Yesavitch Geriatric Depression Scale. The content validity of the tool was obtained from four nursing experts and one medical expert in the field of psychiatry. The reliability of the tool(r=0.8) was established by test retest method by using Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficient formula. The tool was accepted as reliable by the clinical experts. Pilot study was conducted to find out the feasibility and done the data analysis. Data collection was done by using the Modified Yesavitch Geriatric Depression Scale and the data obtained were analyzed both in terms of descriptive and inferential statistics. MAJOR FINDINGS: 1. In experimental group the post test mean value was 10.8 with the standard deviation of 4.53. In control group the post test mean value was 21.2 with the standard deviation of 4.34. The calculated ‘t’ test value was 8.18. 2. In experimental group, it showed the mean value of 21.13 with the standard deviation 4.23 in pre test and a mean value of 10.8 with the standard deviation 4.53 in post test. The mean difference was 10.33. The calculated ‘t’ test value was 9.22. 3. There was a significant association between the post test level of depression among geriatrics in the experimental group with the demographic variable period of stay. There was no significant association between the post test level of depression among geriatrics in the experimental group with their selected demographic variables such as age, gender, marital status, education, employment status, income, religion, number of children and mode of admission at the old age home. 4. There was no significant association between the post test level of depression among geriatrics in control group with their selected demographic variables. RECOMMENDATIONS: The following studies can be undertaken to strengthen reminiscence therapy as a good remedy for depression among geriatrics. 1. A study can be carried out to assess the quality of life, psychological well being and dementia among the geriatric residents. 2. A study can be conducted with large sample size to generalize the results of the study. 3. A study can be conducted to different population like older adults and widow/widowers. 4. A study can be conducted to middle aged adults, unresolved biographical conflicts, ego integrity and death preparation. 5. Comparative study can be conducted to find out the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on level of depression among geriatrics residents in old age homes and geriatrics residing with their family. CONCLUSION: From the result of the study, it was concluded that providing reminiscence therapy to the geriatrics was effective on level of depression. Therefore the investigator felt that more importance should be given for reminiscence therapy to reduce the level of depression among the geriatrics.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness ; reminiscence therapy ; level of depression ; geriatrics ; selected old age homes ; Kanyakumari.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Punitha K
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2018 06:50
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2018 04:00
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5749

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