The prevalence of anemia and the effectiveness of nutritional intervention strategy in improving haemoglobin among girls in a selected school at milaganoor

Helen Shirly, D (2011) The prevalence of anemia and the effectiveness of nutritional intervention strategy in improving haemoglobin among girls in a selected school at milaganoor. Masters thesis, Matha College of Nursing, Manamadurai.

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Abstract

A study to assess the prevalence of Anaemia and the effectiveness of nutritional intervention strategy in improving haemoglobin among girls in a selected school at Milaganoor. The objectives of the study were: To assess the prevalence of anemia by using haemometer & clinical examination before administering the selected nutritional intervention. To assess the prevalence of anemia by using haemometer & clinical examination after administering the selected nutritional intervention. To find out the effectiveness of nutritional intervention in improving haemoglobin among girls in a selected school. To associate the prevalence of anemia before administering nutritional intervention with selected demographic variables such as age, education of parents, occupation of parents, income, menstrual history and dietary pattern. HYPOTHESES:Post test hemoglobin level is significantly higher than the pre test level of hemoglobin. There is a significant association between prevalence of anemia and Selected demographic variables such as age, education of parents, Occupation of parents, income, size of family menstrual history and Dietary pattern. METHODOLOGY: An evaluative approach with pre-experiment design one group pre test and post test was used to evaluate effectiveness in the prevention of anemia among girls. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample of 60 girls. The tool consists of two sections. The section A consists of age, education of parents, parent’s occupation, and parent’s income, number of family and dietary pattern. The section B consists of check list. The Hb level was checked before intervention and preparations of rice flake balls 50 gm given daily for girls in the morning for 30 days. After intervention Hb level was checked after 30 days. THE MAJOR FINDING OF THE STUDY: 24(40%) of the respondents were at the age group of 14 to 15 years, 34(56.6%) of them were literate,23 (38.3%) of them were agriculture, 20(33.3%) of them were 2001 to 3000 family income, 23(38.33%) of them were in 6 to 7 members of the family, 47(78.33%) of them were menstrual history,33(55%) of them belongs to non vegetarian. The respondent had mild 8(13%) of them moderate anemia 36(60%) of them had severe anemia. 16(26.66%) before intervention. Whereas after intervention 6(26.66%) of them had mild anemia, 38(63.33%) had moderate anemia, 6(10%) severe anemia. The hemoglobin among the girls before provision of rice flakes was ranged minimum between (5 to 10.2) with an average mean value of 7.703 and standard deviation is 1.466. The hemoglobin level after provision of rice flakes was ranged between 5.8 to 11.2 with an average mean value of 8.513 and standard deviation is 1.41. This indicates the provision of rice flakes significantly effective in increasing the hemoglobin level among girl. There is a significant association with the demographic variable such us age, family income, size of the family, and menstrual history. There is no significant association with other demographic variable such as education of parents, occupation of parents and dietary pattern. CONCLUSION: Conclusion was derived from the findings of the study. In the pre experimental group provision of rice flakes for the girls, it shows that level of hemoglobin was increased and the level of anemia was decreased .the level of anemia ranging from mild (13% to26.6%), moderate anemia (60% to 63.3%) and severe anemia (26.66% to 10%) before and after intervention.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anemia; Nutritional Intervention Strategy; Haemoglobin; Girls; Milaganoor
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 11:28
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 11:28
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5719

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