A Study on Nosocomial Infection in Intensive Medical Care Unit-incidence, pattern and etiology

Ramaraj, R (2014) A Study on Nosocomial Infection in Intensive Medical Care Unit-incidence, pattern and etiology. Masters thesis, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli.

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Abstract

BAKGROUND : Nosocomial infection is defined as an infection which develops 48 hours after admission to hospital and which was not incubating at the time of admission. The nosocomial infection results in increase in hospital stay time, increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to find the incidence, Etiology of nosocomial infection in intensive medical care unit in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital. It was conducted in 200 patients from September 2012 to August 2013. METHODS : All patients admitted in IMCU in Tirunelveli Medical college Hospital and stayed in the IMCU for more than 48 hours were included in the study. Data was included in a proforma and analysed using Epidemiological Information Package 2010 developed by Centre for disease control, Atlanta. RESULTS : During the study period out of 200 patients 16 patients developed Nosocomial infection. So the incidence of Nosocomial infection was 8%. The most common Nosocomial infection was urinary tract infection (5.5%) followed by respiratory infection in 2% and blood stream infection in 0.5%.The most common organism causing Nosocomial infection was Klebsiella (5%), E.Coli (2%) and pseudomonas (1%). CONCLUSION : Patients admitted in IMCU are at more risk for developing nosocomial infection than in general wards. In our study Urinary tract infection was the commonest followed by respiratory and blood stream infection. Gram negative organisms were the most common cause in this study.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nosocomial infection, Hospital acquired infection, Intensive care unit infection.
Subjects: MEDICAL > General Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2018 01:57
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 01:57
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5618

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