Effectiveness of a Neuromuscular Training in Improving the Agility and Vertical Jump Performance in Hurdlers

Ponraj, N (2017) Effectiveness of a Neuromuscular Training in Improving the Agility and Vertical Jump Performance in Hurdlers. Masters thesis, Mohamed Sathak A.J. College of Physiotherapy, Chennai.


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INTRODUCTION : Hurdlers is one of the most popular team sport exclusively played and viewed all over the world. It was created by James Naismith in 1981 in Springfield, and through time it has developed to involve common techniques of shooting, passing, dribbling including player’s positioning as well as offensive and defensive structure. Primarily competitive Hurdlers developed as an indoor sport and evolved into less regulated outdoor sport as a casual play in the ground. It is an especially popular high school sport which is unfortunately, associated with twice as much of injuries as baseball and 40% more injuries than football in one series. Hurdlers injuries are most common among all sports injuries ranging between 3.8% and 23.1% of all sports injuries. These include injuries to the ankle (15.8%–39.3%), knee (5%–20%), hand (8.8%–43%), head and neck (8%–36.4%), and lumbar spine (0%–11.7%) Non-contact injuries account for the most injuries in non-elite players. Due to the greater biomechanical efficiency in elite players, they have a higher incidence of contact injuries, though Non-contact injuries are still common. The high level of cutting and jumping activities required for a Hurdlers player places him in risk of injuries due to poor cutting activities and faulty jumping and landing mechanics. Landing accounts for 60% of ACL injuries in high school Hurdlers players. Improving the Dynamic stability, through training the Neuromuscular system facilitates prevention of sports injuries and enhances performance. AIM & OBJECTIVES : The aim of this study is mainly focused on performance. It is to find out the effectiveness of a Neuromuscular training in improving the agility and vertical jump performance in Adolescent Male Hurdlers players. OBJECTIVES : 1. To determine whether a 6- week Neuromuscular training program influences the agility in Hurdlers players. 2. To determine whether a 6-week neuromuscular training program is able to improve the vertical jump performance in a Hurdlers player. 3. To find out whether a Neuromuscular training program can bring about improvements in the Agility and vertical jump Performance in Hurdlers players as compared with the group of controls undergoing the Conventional training program. METHODOLOGY : Study Design: Quasi - Experimental study. Study Setting : YMCA St.Vincent School. Study Population: Hurdlers players. Study Duration : 6-Weeks. Sampling Design: Purposive sampling. Sample Size : 30 Adolescent, male hurdlers players. Sampling Criteria: Inclusion Criteria: All subjects should be screened off for any previous injuries, for the past 6 months. (i) Healthy (with no systemic illness), male hurdlers players matched for age, height and Sizes are selected and randomly allocated to group A , undergoing neuromuscular training & group B undergoing the conventional training. (ii) Age = 12 to 17 years. (iii) Currently participating in high school competitive hurdlers. (iv) Agility-Poor (>11.5 seconds) 64. (v) Vertical jump height >30cms. & <50cms. (Below average & average criteria)63. (vi) Off-season players. Exclusion Criteria : (i) Previously injured (within 6 months), Unco-operative, less motivational subjects are excluded. (ii) Subjects who are undergoing previous neuromuscular training or other training such as Plyometric training are excluded. (iii) Limb length discrepancy. (iv) Previous surgeries to lower limb. (v) Neuromuscular weakness. (vi) Ligament instability in lower limb. (vii) Back injury. (viii) Recreational players. (ix) Subjects playing sports other than hurdlers. RESULTS : Both the above results indicate that Group A which underwent the NEUROMUSCULAR training program showed significant improvement in both the VERTICAL JUMP & AGILITY than Group B which underwent the usual training. This shows that the NEUROMUSCULAR TRAINING PROGRAM is effective in improving the vertical jump & agility among the hurdlers players than the conventional training. Hence, the Hypothesis Formulated stating that there will be no significant difference between the groups undergoing the Conventional training & the neuromuscular training program is rejected. CONCLUSION : The results obtained from this study shows significant difference for neuromuscular training in the performance of hurdlers players as measured by the vertical jump & T-test for agility. The mean difference for vertical jump showed significant increase between the pre-test & post-test scores for both the groups with highly significant increase in the Experimental group as compared with the control group. Similarly, the mean difference for T-test for agility showed reduction in the timing which was more significant for the Experimental group than the Control group. From the above results it can be concluded that a six weeks neuromuscular training program is effective in improving the vertical jump performance & agility among the hurdlers players. Hence it can be recommended that an integrative neuromuscular program consisting of FUNCTIONAL STRENGTHENING, STRETCHING, PLYOMETRICS, AGILITY TRAINING & BALANCE TRAINING proves effective, useful & performance oriented rather than the usual training program. Hence inclusion of a neuromuscular training program enhances the performance among the adolescent hurdlers players.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neuromuscular Training, Improving the Agility, Vertical Jump Performance, Hurdlers.
Subjects: PHYSIOTHERAPY > Sports Physiotherapy
Depositing User: Kambaraman B
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2018 13:14
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5580

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