Knowledge and attitude towards mental illness among teachers in the selected schools in Sivagangai district, Tamilnadu

Gnanaguruvammal, G (2010) Knowledge and attitude towards mental illness among teachers in the selected schools in Sivagangai district, Tamilnadu. Masters thesis, Matha College of Nursing, Manamadurai.

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Abstract

This study was designed to examine the knowledge and attitude of mental illness among school teachers in Manamadurai. A descriptive study design was used. A total of sixty teachers were included in the study. Convenient sampling technique was adopted to collect the data. The knowledge was measured by 20 items of a semi structured questionnaire and attitude was assessed by modified Orientation towards mental illness scale. Data was analyzed according to objectives of study using descriptive and inferential statistics. OBJECTIVES: 1. To identify the knowledge of teachers towards mental illness. 2. To identify the attitudes of teachers towards mental illness. 3. To find out the relationship between knowledge and attitude of teachers towards mental illness. 4. To find out the association between the knowledge of teachers towards mental illness with demographic variables such as age, gender, education, locality, previous experience with mentally ill patients. 5. To find out the association between attitude of teachers towards mental illness with demographic variables such as age, gender, education, locality, previous experience with mentally ill patients. HYPOTHESES: 1. There will be a significant relationship between knowledge and attitude of teachers towards mental illness. 2. There will be a significant association between knowledge of teachers with selected demographic variables such as age, gender, education, locality, previous experience with mentally ill patients. 3. There will be a significant association between attitude of teachers towards mental illness with selected demographic variables such as age, education, locality, previous experience with mentally ill patients. ASSUMPTIONS: 1. Teachers working in higher secondary schools may have inadequate knowledge about mental illness and at times may elicit negative attitudes like fear and violence. 2. The teachers who have previous experience or idea about mental illness may perceive mentally ill as less dangerous. 3. The knowledge and attitude towards mental illness differs in each individual. 4. Participants may feel hesitant to reveal true information on the questionnaires. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: Considerable number of teachers 15(25%) were below 30 years, 34(56.7%) teachers were between 31- 40 years, 3(5%) fell in the category of 50 years and above. The gender distribution shows that the male participants were 31(51.7%), and female were 29(48.3%). The great majority of teachers were Hindus 46(76.7%), 14(23.3%) were Christians. The percentage of unmarried teachers was 10(16.7%), married 49(81.7%) and widow 1(1.7%). With regard to educational status of teachers 18(30%) were undergraduates and 42(70%) were postgraduates. Considering the residence of teachers, 25(41.7%) were from to rural area and 35(58.3%) were from urban area. Place of work reveals 42(70%) teachers were from private school and 18(30%) were from Government school. Regarding the previous experience of teachers 34(56.7%) had no experience 26(43.3%) had known someone with mental illness. Majority 59(98.3%) had no family history of mental illness. One (1.7%) had family history of mental illness. Majority of the subjects 40(66.7%) had moderately adequate knowledge, 16(26.7%) had inadequate knowledge and 4(6.7%) had adequate knowledge. In case of attitude 10(16.7%) had most favorable attitude towards mental illness, 41(68.3%) had favorable attitude and 9(15%) had unfavorable attitude towards mental illness. There is a positive correlation between knowledge and attitude (r =.957). It implies that, higher the knowledge, the more the favorable attitude. There was a significant association between knowledge of teachers toward mental illness and demographic variables such as age, education, locality, previous experience at the level of p<0.01. There was an association between demographic variables and attitude of teachers regarding mental illness. Significant association found in age, education, locality, and previous experience at the level of p<0.01. 13 RECOMMENDATION: Based on the findings of the study it recommends that, A similar study can be done in a large sample for the purpose of generalization. A study can be done in urban and rural setting and the results can be compared. A comparative study can be done with two groups. A similar study can be carried out and anti – stigma educational programs and campaigns may be conducted. A similar study can be conducted by the use of different attitude scales. CONCLUSION: In India 15million people are battling serious mental health problems. Nearly 50% of victims suffering serious mental health disorders go untreated. The fortunate part is most mental illnesses can be successfully treated. The Government of India also has taken special interest in mental health care in the form of National Mental Health Programme. Stigma is one of the major difficulties faced by people with mental illness, due to which they hesitate in seeking help. The mental health services are not utilized by the beneficiaries properly. Many of them suffer alone silently. By accident, we are all responsible for this situation. The researcher strongly believes appropriate information of the public and positive attitude brings great change in the life of mentally ill.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Knowledge and Attitude; Mental Illness; Teachers; Schools; Sivagangai.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2018 09:20
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 09:20
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5479

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