The level of stress and coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses of selected hospitals in Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

Elumalai, K (2010) The level of stress and coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses of selected hospitals in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Masters thesis, Matha College of Nursing, Manamadurai.

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Abstract

A comparative study to assess the level of stress and coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses of selected hospitals in Madurai. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the level of stress among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 2. To assess the level of coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 3. To find out the correlation between the stress and coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses. 4. To find out the correlation between the stress and coping strategies among psychiatric ward nurses. 5. To compare the level of stress among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 6. To compare the level of coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 15 7. To find out the association between the level of stress among cardiac ward nurses with selected demographic variables such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. 8. To find out the association between the level coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses with selected demographic variables such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. 9. To find out the association between the levels of stress among psychiatric ward nurses with selected demographic variables such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. 10.To find out the association between the level coping strategies among psychiatric ward nurses with selected demographic variables such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. HYPOTHESIS: 1. There will be a significant relationship between the level of stress and coping strategies of cardiac ward nurses. 2. There will be a significant relationship between the level of stress and coping strategies of psychiatric ward nurses. 16 3. There will be a significant difference in the level of stress among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 4. There will be a significant difference in the level of coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 5. There will be a significant association between the level of stress among cardiac ward nurses with selected demographic variable such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. 6. There will be a significant association between the level of coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses with selected demographic variable such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. 7. There will be a significant association between the level of stress among psychiatric ward nurses with selected demographic variable such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. 8. There will be a significant association between the level of coping strategies among psychiatric ward nurses with selected demographic variable such as age, sex, religion, education, years of experience in the same units, ward, income, type of family, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel and supporting system during stress. ASSUMPTIONS: All the nurses who work in the hospital will experience stress. With experience, nurses will develop better coping strategies. Stress is the most common & serious health problem among nurses. Stress is the most common & serious health problem among psychiatric than the cardiac nurses. Nurses’ stress can be reduced by improving coping strategies in working environment. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY ARE: 1. Level of stress among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses Table- II shows, the distribution of level of stress in cardiac ward nurses, among them 1(3.3%) had mild stress, 17 (56.7%) had moderate stress, 12 (40%) had severe stress. In psychiatric ward nurses, 13 (43.3%) had mild stress, 14 (46.7%) had moderate stress, 3 (10%) had severe stress. 2. Level of coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses Table III shows, the coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses, among them 11 (36.7%) had low coping strategies, 16 (53.3%) had moderate coping strategies, 3 (10%) had high coping strategies. In psychiatric ward nurses, 2 (6.7%) had low coping strategies, 16 (53.3%) had moderate coping strategies, 12 (40%) had high coping strategies. 3. Correlation between the stress and coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses Table –IV shows, the calculated r- value was (r= -0.3629) which indicated the presence of negative correlation in between the stress and coping among cardiac ward nurses. 4. Correlation between the stress and coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses Table –V shows, the calculated r- value was (r= -0.4383) which indicated the presence of negative correlation in between the stress and coping among Psychiatric ward nurses. 5. Comparison of the level of stress and coping strategies of cardiac ward nurses Table –VI shows, the calculated ‘t’ value (t-8.932) which indicate there is a significant difference in the level of stress among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 6. Comparison of the level of stress and coping strategies of psychiatric ward nurses Table –VII shows, the calculated ‘t’ value (t-3.353) which indicate there is a significant difference in coping strategies among cardiac and psychiatric ward nurses. 7. Association between level of stress and coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses with selected demographic variable Table –VIII shows, there was consistent association between the level of stress with cardiac ward nurses and demographic variables such as religion at the level of p<0.05. The above finding supports the research hypothesis. 19 There was no consistent association between the level of stress with cardiac ward nurses and demographic variables such as sex, age, education, years of experience in the same ward, marital status, income, type of family, family background, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel, supporting system during stress at the level of p>0.05. The above findings reject the null hypothesis. 8. Association between level of coping strategies among cardiac ward nurses with selected demographic variable There was no consistent association between the coping strategies with cardiac ward nurses and demographic variables such as sex, age, religion, education, years of experience in the same ward, marital status, income, type of family, family background, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel, supporting system during stress at the level of p>0.05. The above findings reject the null hypothesis. 9. Association between level of stress and coping strategies among psychiatric ward nurses with selected demographic variable Table –IX shows, there was consistent association between the level of stress with psychiatric ward nurses and demographic variables such as religion at the level of p<0.05. The above finding supports the research hypothesis. There was no consistent association between the level of stress with psychiatric ward nurses and demographic variables such as sex, age, education, years of experience in the same ward, marital status, income, type of family, family background, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel, supporting system during stress at the level of p>0.05. The above findings reject the null hypothesis. 20 10.Association between level of stress and coping strategies among psychiatric ward nurses with selected demographic variable There was no consistent association between the coping strategies with psychiatric ward nurses and demographic variables such as sex, age, religion, education, years of experience in the same ward, marital status, income, type of family, family background, distance of work place, type of residence, mode of travel, supporting system during stress at the level of p>0.05. The above findings reject the null hypothesis. CONCLUSION: Stress in nursing practice is inevitable. Though it may vary from individual to another, the work set up also play a major role, for cardiac ward nurses work load is the major source of stress which can be handled with enhanced manpower and adequate resources. Since psychiatric ward nurses are away from physical care of the patients they tend to be less stress than cardiac nurses.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stress and Coping Strategies; Cardiac and Psychiatric Ward; Nurses Madurai
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2018 09:08
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 09:08
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5478

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