A study to assess the effectiveness of pet therapy on depression among old age persons residing in selected old age homes at Coimbatore.

Jose, John (2010) A study to assess the effectiveness of pet therapy on depression among old age persons residing in selected old age homes at Coimbatore. Masters thesis, Cherraan’s College of Nursing, Coimbatore.

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Abstract

“A study to assess the effectiveness of pet therapy on depression among old age people residing in selected old age homes at Coimbatore district was conducted for the partial fulfillment of requirement for the degree of master of science in nursing at Cherraan’s College of Nursing, Coimbatore under the Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. medical university, Chennai, in the year 2010. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE 1. To findout the level of depression experienced by the old age people before pet therapy in experimental group and control group. 2. To assess the effectiveness of pet therapy by comparing the pre and post test scores of depression among old age persons in experimental and control group. 3. To find out the relationship between pre test and post test score of depression among experimental and control group. 4. To determine the association between post test level of depression and selected demographic variables such as age, sex, religion, education, previous occupation, marital status, type of family, duration of visit by the family members, hobbies and reason for staying in the old age home in experimental group. 5. To determine the association between post test level of depression and selected demographic variables such as age, sex, religion, education, previous occupation, marital status, type of family, duration of visit by the family members, hobbies and reason for staying in the old age home in control group. THE FOLLOWING HYPOTHESES WERE SET FOR THE STUDY All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. H1— The mean post test level of depression score of experimental group will be significantly lower than the mean pre test level of depression score after administration of pet therapy among old age persons. H2 – There will be positive relationship between pre test and post test scores of depression among experimental and control group. H3—There will be an association between the post test level of depression among old age persons and selected demographic variables (age, sex, religion, education, previous occupation, marital status, type of family, duration of visit by the family members, hobbies and reason for staying in the old age home) in experimental group. H4 - There will be an association between the post test level of depression among old age persons and selected demographic variables (age, sex, religion, education, previous occupation, marital status, type of family, duration of visit by the family members, hobbies and reason for staying in the old age home) in control group. METHODS An evaluative research approach and quasi – experimental, non equivalent control group pre test, post test design was used in this study. The study was conducted in Ram Aravindar Old Age Home and St. Joseph’s Old age home at Coimbatore. The sample size was 60 old age persons among them 30 were experimental and 30 were control groups, aged above 60 years. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. Data collection tool consisted of demographic variables, and Modified Geriatric Depression Inventory Scale was used to assess the level of depression among old age persons. The tool was given to five experts for content validity. Reliability of the Modified Geriatric Depression Scale for both experimental and control group were established by split half method. The reliability of Modified Geriatric Depression Scale for experimental group were r=0.92. The reliability of Modified Geriatric Depression Scale for control group were r=0.91. So the tool was found to be reliable one. Pilot study was conducted in Mother Care Centre old age home at Velandipalayam to find out the feasibility of conducting the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analysis the data. The findings of the study revealed that the level of depression was reduced significantly in the post test greater than pre test. RESULTS 1. The mean depression score among experimental group pre test was 16.87 and standard deviation was 3.627.There was reduction in depression after the administration of pet therapy, which was evident by the mean post test score 11.53 and standard deviation 3.683. 2. The ‘t’ value 17.736, p<0.05 shows that there was significant reduction in depression in the post test because of effectiveness of pet therapy. 3. There were positive relationship between pre test scores and post test scores of depression among experimental group ‘r’=0.899 and control group ‘r’=0.932. 4. There was a significant association between post test level of depression score of experimental group and their selected demographic variables like sex (χ2 = 7.694p<0.05) and hobbies (χ2 = 6.748p<0.05). Hence the stated research hypothesis was accepted. 5. There was a significant association between post test level of depression score of control group and their selected demographic variables like sex (χ2 = 6.020p<0.05). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSION The overall findings suggested that the majority of old age persons had moderate depression. Pet therapy was effective in reducing depression among old age persons. Hence it can be concluded that pet therapy was highly effective in reducing depression of old age persons those who are residing at old age homes. Based on the findings of the study following recommendations were suggested. A similar study can be replicated on large sample size. A similar study can be done in different settings. A similar study can be done in different population. A similar study can be replicated for long duration. A similar study can be done by using quasi-experimental one group pre and post test study.  A similar study can be done among old age persons residing at community area.  A similar study can be done by increasing time duration and sections of pet therapy. 1

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pet Therapy; Depression; Old Age Persons; Old Age Homes; Coimbatore.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 05:58
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2018 08:06
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/5397

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