A Study on Pandu

Vimala, C (2016) A Study on Pandu. Masters thesis, Government Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai.


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The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that globally, 1.62 billion people are pandu, with the highest prevalence of pandu (47.4%) among preschool – aged children. Of these 293 million children, 89 million live in India. According to the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2005-2006 revealed that at least 80% of Indian children were pandu. Today in our country, Pandu is one of the major problem in paediatrics. It mostly affects cell growth and proliferation in tissues like nervous system and gastro intestinal tract. In India because of poverty, poor socio-economic pattern, malnutrition, untreated illness, hook worm infestation is the common cause of Pandu noi among the pre-school and school going children. Kuzhanthai maruthuvam is a specialized branch in Siddha medicine which deals with the treatment of the disease of children upto 12 years. The diseases in children are broadly classified in two categories – Ahakarana noigal(diseases that occurs in the intrauterine period) and the Purakarana noigal(diseases that occurs after child‟s birth ie., due to intrinsic causes) In siddha system “PANDU NOI” is equivalent to “ANAEMIA”. National anemia controlling programs aims at significantly decreasing the prevalence and incidence of anemia in preschool children and adolescents. Even though anemia is one of the major public health problems in developing India. In order to treat this, a safest, highly efficacy and cost effective drug is needed. That is safe drug “Pandu noikku kalappu thool” has been choose by the author. Pandu noikku kalappu thool is a multi compound herbal drug has the trail drug through a literature review of modern and siddha texts, biochemical, pharmacological and clinical trial were carried out and the result obtained were discussed in the end. AIM : Prevention and cure are basic aims in Siddha system of medicine, which prevent disease by careful dieting and proper relaxation of the mind to achieve a totality of health. India being densely populated with people of different socio-economic status, children with poor sanitary facilities, lack of personal and environmental hygiene are the common victims of this disease. It forms one of the major causes of sickness among children which causes a heavy economic burden to health services. They have been suffering from various diseases due to deficiency of nutrition It is essential to find out a simple drug to treat this disease. The drug should be easily available, economic, easily administered and also highly effective in smaller doses. As a Siddha pediatrician, an extra personal interest in the study of new drug for this common nutritional deficiency has been aimed. With this aim in mind, Pandu Noikku Kalappu Thool was tried in the patients suffering from Pandu. OBJECTIVES : 1. To collect the literature evidence regarding the disease “Pandu” 2. To analyze the trial medicine in bio-chemically and pharmacologically for complete evaluation of the drug. 3. To have a clinical trial on Pandu noi in children with a selected medicine viz., “Pandu noikku kalappu thool” with honey. 4. To have an idea about prevalence of Pandu Noi with reference to Age, Sex, Socio-economic status, Seasonal variations, Poverty, etc., 5. To evaluate the disease Pandu clinically by careful examination on etiology, clinical features, treatment, prognosis, complications, etc., 6. To know the extend of correlation of etiology, classification, symptomatology, diagnostic methods and line of treatment compared with more or less anemia in the modern aspects. 7. To have a complete study of the disease Pandu under the headings of Mukkutram, Udalkattugal, Envagai thervugal, Neerkuri, Neikuri etc., in order to evaluate the pathogenesis pathology of Pandu. 8. To make use of modern parameters in the investigation side to confirm the diagnosis and to follow the progress of patients. 9. To make an awareness among the parents about the prevention of the disease in children. CONCLUSION : Pandu Noikku Kalappu Thool has significant haematinic and laxative actions. From the studies it is clear that Pandu noi, is caused by derangement of pitham, followed by the derangement of vatham and kabam. It has shown very good result in controlling iron deficiency anemia and it raises the hemoglobin level in anemia patients when given regularly along with other healthy supplementary diets. Both symptomatic relief and qualitative improvement were observed in the patients. It is also proved that it is effective treatment for nutritional deficiency anemia. No adverse effect were observed in the Pandu Noikku Kalappu Thool treated patients. The drug is a compound herbal product, easily available, cost effective, easy to administrate, simple way of preparation, high efficacy, harmless to infants and children. The dose of the drug used in the present study is to be used in pediatric practice to treat children with Pandu noi. This drug has Thuvarppu, Inippu, Kaippu tastes. These tastes correct the pitha diseases like pandu. Ingridents of Pandu Noikku Kalappu Thool has ascorbic acid. This vitamin C enhances the Iron absorptions. Because of these encouraging outcoming results, the study may be undertaken with same medicine in a large number of cases and it may open new windows for the treatment of “Pandu Noi”.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: (Reg.No. 321314010)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pandu ; பாண்டு.
Subjects: AYUSH > Kuzhanthai Maruthuvam
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2017 02:07
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2018 16:55
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/484

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