Impact of Hazardous Alcohol Consumption on Family Functioning in Rural South India: A Cross Sectional study.

Martina Shalini, A J (2017) Impact of Hazardous Alcohol Consumption on Family Functioning in Rural South India: A Cross Sectional study. Masters thesis, Christian Medical College, Vellore.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES : To estimate the prevalence of hazardous drinking among married men in the 25-60 age group in Kaniyambadi block and to study the effect of hazardous alcohol consumption on family dysfunction. METHODS : The study is a community based cross sectional study conducted in two phases. In the first phase the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) questionnaire was administered to 750 married men in the 25-60 age group in order to estimate the prevalence of hazardous drinking. The respondents from phase one were classified on the basis of their AUDIT scores as abstainers, non- hazardous / social drinkers, and hazardous drinkers. In the second phase a total of 150 women, wives of men from the three groups of alcohol drinking pattern were randomly selected as respondents for the second part of the study. Perception of family functioning by wives, quality of life, presence of domestic violence and presence of any common mental health disorders were studied to assess the effect of alcohol use on the family. RESULTS : The prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption among married men in Kaniyambadi block was 31.5%. Women whose husbands had hazardous drinking behavior had 4.3 times higher risk of experiencing domestic violence compared to women whose husbands were either non-drinkers or non-hazardous drinkers. Perception of family dysfunction and respondents’s quality of life were associated with presence of domestic violence, but husband’s hazardous drinking was not significantly associated with these. CONCLUSIONS : The prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption among married men in Kaniyambadi block was 31.5%. • The prevalence of alcohol dependence among married men in Kaniyambadi block was 7%. • Wives whose husbands had hazardous drinking behavior had 4.3 times higher risk of experiencing domestic violence compared to women whose husbands were either non-drinkers or non-hazardous drinkers. • Family dysfunction and spouse’s quality of life were directly linked to presence of domestic violence. Women who experienced domestic violence were 3.74 times more likely to perceive family dysfunction compared to women who did not experience domestic violence. • Domestic violence was associated with lower socioeconomic status (OR=2.1) and presence of loan in the family in addition to hazardous drinking. • Women with loan in the family were 2.7 times more likely to have a lower quality of life, compared to those with no loan. Women who experienced domestic violence were 12.5 times more likely to have a lower quality of life, compared to women who did not.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol ; hazardous drinking ; family functioning ; domestic violence ; quality of life.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 25 Dec 2017 16:16
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2017 16:16
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/4829

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