Clinical study of deformities in newly diagnosed leprosy patients

Dhanaselvi, H (2016) Clinical study of deformities in newly diagnosed leprosy patients. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.


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To study the frequency and severity of the deformities with clinical and socioeconomical factors associated with deformities among the newly diagnosed leprosy patients and to highlight the importance of the health education to prevent the deformities . Materials and methods : This was a observational study carried out at leprosy op, Madras medical college and RGGG Hospital, Chennai. Newly diagnosed leprosy patients with deformities were included in the study after thorough clinical examination, routine and special investigations(slit skin smear, skin biopsy and nerve biopsy whenever necessary) Results : Out of 165 newly diagnosed leprosy patients ,50 patients had deformities , thus making disability and deformity index to be 30.3%.Males(70%) with lower lower socioeconomic group (42%)were commonly affected than females(30%).Lepromatous type of leprosy(30%) with more than two years(46%) were commonly affected. Multibacillary patients (84%) were commonly affected with deformities. The body parts affected in the cases were hands(78%), hands and feet(66%), feet(40%).Anesthetic(88%) deformities were more common followed by specific(36%) deformities.Grade 1 (46%)deformities were most common followed by grade 2(40%) deformities. Conclusion The study showed that mostly patients developed deformities and disabilities due to delay in diagnosis, lack of treatment and health education.So, early diagnosis, proper treatment and health education to the patients, family, community and rehabilitation are the important ways to prevent the formation and to halt the worsening of the deformities.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leprosy ; Disability and Deformity.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Dermatology Venereology and Leprosy
Depositing User: Punitha K
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 09:29
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2018 02:18

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