A Comparative study to assess the effectiveness of back massage with Olive Oil Versus Sesame Oil on pain perception during first stage of labor among antenatal mothers in IOG and Government Hospital for Women and Children, Chennai

Naidu Merita, Mohanraj (2016) A Comparative study to assess the effectiveness of back massage with Olive Oil Versus Sesame Oil on pain perception during first stage of labor among antenatal mothers in IOG and Government Hospital for Women and Children, Chennai. Masters thesis, College of Nursing, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

Labor is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you are going to get.Labor is different for every woman, with pain ranging from mild to extreme. Need for study: Pregnant women commonly worry about pain they will experience during labor and birth and about how they will react to deal with that pain. Women without sufficient self-confidence and coping strategies may feel threatened and view their pain experience as suffering. Objectives: 1.To assess the level of pain in olive oil group before and after olive oil massage during first stage of labor among antenatal mothers. 2. To assess the level of pain in sesame oil group before and after sesame oil massage during first stage of labor among antenatal mothers. 3. To assess the effectiveness of olive oil versus sesame oil for massage on pain perception during first stage of laboramong antenatal mothers. 4. To find out the association between level of back pain and demographic variables in the olive oil group versussesame oilgroup. Key words:Antenatal mother, olive oil, sesame oil, effectiveness, pain perception. Research methodology: Research approach – Quantitative approach Study design – True – experimental design was used Sampling technique – Randomsampling Tool – Structuredquestionnaire, universal pain assessment scale Research variables: Independent Variable: Back massage Dependent Variable: All antenatal mothers with pain who are in first stage of labor. Data collection procedure – Aftergetting approval from ethical committee, Madras Medical College, Chennai, formal permission was obtained from Director and head ofdepartment IOG.Data collection was done for the period of four weeks .60 Samples were collected by random sampling.After assessing the pretest the investigator took 10 ml of olive oil and10 ml of sesame oil and back massage was given for 10 to 15 minutesto the antenatal mothers in olive oil group and same way back massage was done for sesameoil group who are in first stage of labor. Pain perception was assessedwith universalpain assessmentscale immediately,and the effectiveness of intervention was assessed by reduction on pain perception in olive oil group and was compared with the sesame oil group. Data analysis: The data were analyzed by using descriptive such as mean, median, standarddeviation, frequency and percentage and inferential statistics such as paired t test, unpaired t test and Pearson’s chi square test. Study results: Paired‘t’ test was used to assess the effectiveness of olive oil and sesame oil on back massage during first stage of labor among antenatal mothers. The olive oil and sesame oil showed significant pain relief on their own with ‘t’ and ‘p’ values of (t-11.877 < p-.001)and (t-18.989< p-.011) respectively. The post massage values were compared between olive oil and sesame oil using Pearsons chi square test showed a p value of 0.068 suggesting no significant difference between these groups. Discussion Antenatal mothers in both olive oil groupand sesame oil group showed significant reduction in pain following massage. Moreover there was no significant difference between the olive oil and sesame oil in terms of pain reduction.And hence the hypothesis was rejected. This showed either olive oil or sesame oil can be used effectively in reduction on pain perception during the first stage labor. Recommendations for further study: Studies can be conducted in multi centers to assess the effectiveness of olive oil versus almond oil for back massage among antenatal mothers with large samples for generalization of study results. Conclusion: The results revealed that olive oil and sesame oilhad a significant effect on reducingthe pain perception. As back massage is easily done and it can be practiced in home settings. And also nurses can be empowered to use complementary therapies in hospitals.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Back Massage ; Olive Oil ; Sesame Oil ; Pain Perception ; First Stage of Labor ; Antenatal Mothers ; Chennai.
Subjects: NURSING > Obstetrics and Gynaecology Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2017 09:40
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2018 11:54
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/2184

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