Prevalence and risk factors for osteoporosis among elderly men in a rural area of South India: a cross sectional study.

Reshma, Raju (2016) Prevalence and risk factors for osteoporosis among elderly men in a rural area of South India: a cross sectional study. Masters thesis, Christian Medical College, Vellore.

[img]
Preview
Text
2015011reshmaraju.pdf

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

It was a cross sectional study design. Ambulatory elderly men (n=180) in the age group of 65-80 years were selected by simple random sampling from Kaniyambadi block. Sociodemographic details, physical activity, 10 year fracture risk assessment, 24 hour dietary calcium intake, biochemical parameters like calcium, albumin, creatinine and phosphate and Bone Mineral Density were assessed in all the patients. Results: The prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia at any one site in the community was 34.4% (95%CI: 27.31% to 41.48%) and 48.9 % (95%CI: 41.45% to 56.35%) respectively. On multiple logistic regression it was found that BMI (OR:8.3;95% CI: 3.354-20.98 ; p value <0.001), serum albumin (OR: 2.56 ; 95%CI: 1.253-5.267 ;p value:0.010) and education (OR: a 2.43 ;95% CI: 1.050-5.628; p value: 0.038) of the subject had a significant association with osteoporosis. Conclusion: One out of three elderly men is osteoporotic in Kaniyambadi block. Low BMI, low serum albumin and lack of education are significantly associated with osteoporosis.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Osteoporosis ; Elderly Men ; Serum Calcium ; Serum Albumin ; Physical Activity.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Punitha K
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 08:02
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2018 16:42
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/2147

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item