A study to evaluate the effectiveness of cold application on level of pain associated with intra muscular immunization among infants in selected hospital at Ernakulam

Mary, Geen (2015) A study to evaluate the effectiveness of cold application on level of pain associated with intra muscular immunization among infants in selected hospital at Ernakulam. Masters thesis, Annai Meenakshi College of Nursing, Coimbatore.

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Abstract

Pain is highly unpleasant and very personal sensation. Infants have pain during intramuscular immunization. Cold application is a simple procedure to reduce pain due to intramuscular immunization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of cold application on level of pain associated with intramuscular immunization. DESIGN: A quantitative approach using quasi- experimental post only test with control group design. PARTICIPANTS: 60 infants undergoing intramuscular immunization. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE: A non-probability purposive sampling technique is used to select samples from Taluk hospital, Ernakulam. INTERVENTION: Cold application is applied for 5 seconds just prior to inserting the needle. TOOLS: Standardized Neonatal Infant Pain Scale is used to assess the level of pain associated with intramuscular immunization. RESULTS: Analysis among Experimental group by using independent

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cold Application ; Level of Pain ; Intra Muscular Immunization ; Infants ; Hospital ; Ernakulam.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 10:18
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2018 01:48
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/2058

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