Assessment of the correlation between sleep and general well-being among adolescent day scholars and hostellers in selected settings in Chennai

Jenimalar, J (2016) Assessment of the correlation between sleep and general well-being among adolescent day scholars and hostellers in selected settings in Chennai. Masters thesis, M.A.Chidambaram College of Nursing, Chennai.

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Abstract

Adolescence, the transition between childhood and adult life, is one of the most dynamic stages of human development. Adolescence is accompanied by dramatic physical, cognitive, social, and emotional changes, which are overlapping yet conceptually distinct from the physical changes marking puberty and physical maturation. Adolescent sleep patterns deserve particular attention because adolescents often “get by” with relatively little sleep, but it may be far less than they need. Pinning the problem to urbanisation and modernisation of lifestyle in which excessive excitation (physical or intellectual) is the norm and it interferes with the beginning of sleep. There is growing evidence that adolescents are developmentally vulnerable to sleep difficulties which causes serious consequences in their general well-being. It is important that adolescents has to get adequate sleep then it is highly possible to create a better platform for the young pillars of the nation. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM A comparative study to assess the correlation between sleep and general well-being among adolescent day scholars and hostellers in selected settings in Chennai. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: To assess sleep among adolescents in selected settings. To assess the general well-being among adolescents in selected settings. To compare sleep and general well-being of adolescents. To correlate sleep and general well-being of adolescents. To associate sleep with demographic variables of adolescents. To associate general well-being with demographic variables of adolescents. METHODOLOGY:Research approach was exploratory in nature. Descriptive research design was used for this study. The study was conducted among 200 samples, 100 adolescents day scholars and 100 adolescents hostellers were selected in the age group of 13-16 years, studying in CSI St. Thomas Matriculation Higher Secondary School (St .Thomas Mount) Chennai, Santhome Higher Secondary School (Mylapore), Chennai. Convenient sampling technique was adopted to select the adolescent day scholars and hostellers based on the inclusion criteria. Structured self administered questionnaire and rating scale was used to collect data on sleep and general wellbeing from adolescent day scholars and hostellers. RESULTS The majority (57%) of the day scholars were Hindus whereas 63%, of the hostellers were Christians. Majority (54%) of the day scholars and 51% of the hostellers family monthly income was Rs. 10,000 to 19,999/-. The majority of day scholars (69%) and hostellers 78% were belonging to nuclear family. The majority of day scholars (52%) and hostellers (68 %) had 2 siblings. Regarding specific habits to promote sleep, 43% of day scholars had the habit of listening to music and 38% of hostellers had the habit of reading books . On assessment of sleep among adolescent day scholars and hostellers, 37 % of day scholars and 56 % of hostellers had good sleep. Regarding general wellbeing 19 % of day scholars and 34 % of hostellers had good general well-being. The results showed that there was a positive correlation between sleep and general well-being of adolescent day scholars (r = 0.37) and hostellers (r = 0.45) at 1 % level of significance. There was a significant association between sleep and the demographic variables of adolescent day scholars such as gender (p= 0.00), number of siblings (p= 0.02), specific habits to promote sleep (p= 0.02). There was a significant association between sleep and the demographic variables of adolescent hostellers such as age (p=0.02), gender (p=0.01), and number of siblings (p=0.03). There was a significant association between general well-being and the demographic variables of adolescent day scholars such as age (p=0.001), gender (p=0.001), monthly income of the family (p=0.001), occupation of mother (p=0.001) and type of family (p=0.02). There was a significant association between general well-being and the demographic variables of adolescent hostellers such as age (p=0.001) and gender (p=0.001). CONCLUSION It is seen from this study that, adolescent hostellers had a good sleep and general well-being when compared with adolescent day scholars. There is a positive correlation between sleep and general well-being of adolescents day scholars and hostellers.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assessment; Correlation Between Sleep and General Well-Being; Adolescent Day Scholars; Hostellers; Chennai.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 09:38
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 05:38
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/2053

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