A Study of Psychosocial Factors Associated with Adolescent Suicide Attempts.

Saravana Jothi, R (2006) A Study of Psychosocial Factors Associated with Adolescent Suicide Attempts. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The word `suicide' has its origin in Latin; `sui', of oneself and `credere', to Kill: the act of intentionally destroying one's own life. The phenomenon of suicide Has at all times attracted the attention of moralists, social investigators, Philosophers and scientists. The modern era of the study of suicide began around The turn of the 20th century, with two main threads of investigation, the Sociological and the psychological aspects, associated with the names of Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) respectively. Most Sociologic research into suicide has followed the pioneer work of Durkheim, who Examined suicide rates in relation to social factors, concluding that the suicide Rate in a given population varies according to the degree with which the Individuals in that group are integrated and regulated by society. Psychodynamic Explanations of suicide have focused on the role of aggression and the Consequences to the suicidal individual's inner world of the internalization of Frustrating or disappointing objects. Suicide is one of the most tragic events in human life, causing a great Deal of serious psychological distress among the relatives of the victims at the Family level, as well as great economic problems for the whole society in a Statistical sense. The World Health Organization has declared suicide as one of Most important areas of public health and has been facilitating comprehensive Strategies for suicide prevention Suicides have recorded an increase from Nearly 40,000 in 1980 to 1,10,100 in 1999. (National Crime Records Bureau- NCRB 2000 Government of India). As per the latest reports, nearly 1,00,000 Persons committed suicide in India in 1999, with an annual incidence of 11/1,00,000. Several studies undertaken in India have revealed the incidence of Suicides to vary from 8 to 43 per 1,00,000 of population. Clinical descriptive studies of suicide attempters do provide clinicians with Important and useful information, which may assist in the identification of at risk Persons, thereby enabling appropriate clinical intervention to be implemented. The problem continues to increase in size and the situation has to be monitored Regularly in order to detect possible changes in its main characteristics. As Kreitman (1977) pointed that psychiatrist is always under an obligation to Consider the social, psychological and medical aspects of the phenomenon with Which he is concerned, but the value of this triple approach is nowhere illustrated Clearly than in the management and study of suicidal behaviour. Weisman (1974) reported that for every completed suicide, there are around 30 to 100 Attempters and 1 to 10% of those who attempt suicide, commit suicide later in Life. Kotila and Lonnquist (1987) stated that suicide attempt can be considered As a symptom of active adaptation, as an indicator of the fact that one’s Physical, mental health or social situation is unsatisfactory. Adolescence is a period of great change. Physical and psychological Changes take place. These rapid changes disturb the child emotionally. Research shows that suicidal behaviour increases markedly during this time And the causes are more social and interpersonal conflicts (Shaffer and Fisher,1981; Brooksbank, 1985 & Hawton et al., 1982). Adolescent suicide Attempters also report more life events preceding the attempt than the general Population (Paykel et al., 1974). The society today with shrinking family Values and a highly stressful situation is a dangerous combination for an Adolescent. He often feels alienated and does not know where to turn for help. There is clearly a need for systematic investigation of adolescent suicide Attempts in order to gain information that can assist those providing clinical Services for these patients. Given the potentially tragic nature of adolescent Suicide attempts and the elevated risk of suicide clustering among adolescents, The identification of adolescents at risk for suicide attempts before their Behaviour escalates and becomes more serious would be of obvious value. To Increase our understanding of suicide and to improve the management of Patients who had attempted suicide, it is necessary to gain a more Comprehensive understanding of suicidal attempts. According to mcclure (1994), the suicidal behaviour in adolescence is Very different from the adult behaviour. Hence it was decided to study the Sociodemographic factors, suicidal intent, life events and psychiatric morbidity Of adolescent suicide attempters and compare it with the non-suicidal Adolescents.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychosocial Factors ; Associated ; Adolescent Suicide Attempts.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Psychiatry
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2017 03:29
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2017 03:29
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/2022

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