Relationship between Theory of Mind and Intelligence among Children.

Anto Praveen, Rajkumar (2007) Relationship between Theory of Mind and Intelligence among Children. Masters thesis, Christian Medical College, Vellore.

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Abstract

Introduction: Theory of Mind (tom) is the cognitive ability to impute mental states to the self and to Others (Premack & Woodruff, 1978), to predict and to explain behaviours in terms of Mental states. It underlies the ability to comprehend and predict the behaviour of other People and to interpret the actions of others as meaningful and intentional (Rowe & Morris, 2001). It allows one to attribute mental states to others, to understand that other People may hold and act upon beliefs different from one’s own. Theory of mind Includes the nature and development of our understanding of the inner mental world Inhabited by beliefs, desires, attitudes, emotions, thoughts, perceptions, intentions, and Other mental states. This appreciation of alternate perspectives is crucial for successful Social interaction, communication, adaptation and functioning. Research on theory of mind has proven to be of interest, not only to psychiatrists but Also to researchers and practitioners in fields such as philosophy, developmental Psychology, neuro psychology, social psychology, clinical psychology, cultural Psychology, cognitive psychology, and education. Many authors have documented Theory of Mind deficits in pervasive developmental disorders, deaf mute children, Schizophrenia, acute psychosis, mood disorders and in intellectual disabilities. Theory Of Mind deficits has been postulated to be etiologically associated with autism spectrum Disorders and with schizotypy, which renders high vulnerability to major psychotic Disorders. There is ongoing debate in cognitive psychology between two conflicting theoretical Viewpoints, which consider Theory of Mind as a specific cognitive domain and as a Part or product of general cognitive abilities. In spite of selective theory of mind Impairment with spared executive function skills in pervasive developmental disorders, Specific cortical localization of theory of mind ability with the help of functional neuro Imaging, and neurological lesion studies supporting the presence of Theory of Mind as Independent specific cognitive domain, this controversy still lingers due to the Existence of conflicting clinical, neuropsychological and research evidence (Fine & Blair, 2001; Zelazo, 2002). Hence, it is indispensable to study the relationship between Theory of Mind and general cognitive abilities such as intelligence, before plunging in To further depths of its deficit related research. Intelligence is broadly defined as an overall ability for learning and problem solving. There are various standardized test batteries available to quantify Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Children with normal or high IQ may have low theory of mind ability and vice Versa. Intelligence is considered to be the prime confounding factor in any assessment Of Theory of Mind. However, the direct relationship between IQ and Theory of mind Functioning has been less studied systematically (Brune, 2003; Muris, et al, 1998; Yirmiya, et al, 1996; Happe, 1994). Understanding the relationship between theory of Mind ability and intelligence quotient is also essential for better planning of care for Children with intellectual disabilities. Hence, clarifying the role of IQ is the need of the Hour to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore perceive that an important area of research in cognitive psychology, Involves establishing the relationship between Theory of Mind ability and IQ. Previous Studies have investigated the relationship of theory of mind with executive functions And language development, mostly in children with psychopathology (Joseph & Tager- Flusberg, 2004). Hence, a sensible place to begin seems to be to study a population that Is not confounded with psychopathology or sensory deficits. A Meta analysis of theory Of mind studies in children with intellectual disability asserts that such children have Prominent theory of mind deficits which differ depending on various aetiologies of Intellectual disability (Yirmiya, et al., 1998; Cornish, et al, 2005). Studies investigating Theory of mind functioning in normal school children who possess average to high Range of IQ are sparse. Hence, this inquiry is required to establish the relationship Between Theory of Mind and IQ, in children over broad IQ ranges, who are devoid of Any psychiatric morbidity.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Relationship between Theory ; Mind Intelligence ; Children.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Psychiatry
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2017 02:36
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2017 02:36
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1911

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