A Comparative Study to Assess the Obesity Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Girls in Selected Arts and Science, Engineering and Nursing Colleges, Chennai

Martina Susan, K (2019) A Comparative Study to Assess the Obesity Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Girls in Selected Arts and Science, Engineering and Nursing Colleges, Chennai. Masters thesis, Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: 1. To determine the prevalence of overweight /obesity among adolescent girls in selected arts and science, engineering and nursing colleges. 2. To find out the association between obesity among adolescent girls and the type of colleges. 3. To assess the level of obesity prevention behaviour among adolescent girls in selected arts and science, engineering and nursing colleges. 4. To compare the obesity prevention behavior among adolescent girls between selected arts and science, engineering and nursing colleges. 5. To find out the association between selected demographic variables and obesity prevention behavior between adolescent girls in selected arts, engineering and nursing colleges. The conceptual framework of the present study was based on “Health Belief Model” (1950), to assess the Obesity Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Girls in Selected Arts and science, Engineering and Nursing Colleges. The study was conducted using comparative research design at Sindhi College of Arts & Science, DMI College of Engineering and Billroth College of Nursing, Chennai. Study was conducted in two phases (Phase I and Phase II). The participants were selected using a total enumerative sampling method. All adolescent girls were screened for obesity by measuring their height, weight and body mass index and waist hip ratio. In phase two; all identified obese adolescent girls were included in the study. The identified adolescent girls were given a checklist to assess the obesity prevention behaviour on physical activity, sleep behavior & dietary habits. An extensive review of literature and guidance by experts laid the foundation for the development of study instruments. The tools used for data collection were Demographic variable proforma, Obesity screening tool for adolescent girls, Check List to Assess the Obesity Prevention Behaviour of adolescent girls which were developed by the researcher. The validity was obtained from various experts and reliability was established. The main study was conducted after pilot study. The collected data was tabulated and analyzed using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: • Three hundred adolescent girls were screened for obesity in this study. Among them over all 33% of adolescent girls were obese in Arts and science, Engineering and Nursing colleges. The College wise prevalence showed that 33%, 31% and 35% of adolescent girls were obese in Arts and Science, Engineering and Nursing Colleges respectively. • Majority of the adolescent girls were from nuclear family (64%, 32%, 71%) non vegetarian (85%, 74%, 94%) aged 19 years (52%, 48%, 40%) with a monthly income of 10001- 20000 (48%, 42%, 11%), residing in urban area (36%, 35%, 60%) in selected Arts and Science, Engineering and Nursing Colleges respectively. • Majority of the adolescent girls (73%, 87%, 80%) followed healthy behavior in Arts and science, engineering and nursing colleges respectively. • There was no significant difference in mean score of physical activity in Arts and science (14.21±2.33), Engineering (14.48±2.03) and Nursing (14.54±1.95) colleges. In terms sleep behavior and dietary habits also there was no significant difference between Arts and Science (14.45±1.78, 14.03±2.09), Engineering (14.90±1.98 14.55±1.85) and Nursing (14.26±1.78, 14.17±2.35) colleges respectively at (p>0.05). Hence the null hypothesis Ho2; “There will be no significant difference in obesity prevention behavior among adolescent girls between Arts and Science, Engineering and Nursing Colleges” was retained. • Obesity Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Girls in relation to physical activities revealed that 66.66% of Arts & Science adolescents do not involve in any household chores and 39.39% spend time watching television during their leisure time. Almost all the engineering students (93.54%) go for morning/evening walks for a minimum of half an hour but (58.06%) verbalized they don’t exercise regularly. Nearly half of the nursing students (54.28%) said for recreation they participate in outdoor games, have physical education class in college every week (51.42%) and (57.14%) said they participate in athletic events,(48.57%) said they do not use the elevator (74.28%) walk whenever going out but (57.14%) do not regularly go for indoor play. • Sleep behavior of the adolescents showed that (69.69%) avoid going to bed even though it is time to go to sleep and usually have a disturbed sleep. Among the engineering students, (48.38%) do something active near bedtime to tire themselves (64.51%) take a nap when possible. Nearly half of them (58.06%) verbalized that they wake up full of energy in the morning but (48.38%) said they get sleepy during class. Among the nursing students 54.28% said they usually get up early from bed. • Dietary habit findings for adolescents revealed that (51.51%) of Arts & Science adolescents had at least one serving of vegetables or salad a day. Majority of the engineering college adolescents (70.96%) usually snack with crisps (67.74%) & (61.29%) usually included some chocolate or biscuits. Half of the engineering college adolescent girls (51.61%) don’t snack between meals. Around (34.28%) of nursing students avoid eating fried foods, (48.57%) often eat sweet snacks between meals and (51.42%) often buy pastries or cakes but do not drink carbonated drinks. • There was no significant association between obesity among adolescent girls in Arts and Science, Engineering and Nursing colleges. Hence the null hypothesis H01 There will be no significant association between obesity among adolescent girls and type of colleges was retained. • There was no significant association between selected demographic variables and obesity prevention behavior among adolescent girls in Arts and science, Engineering and Nursing colleges. Hence the null hypothesis H03: There will be no significant association between selected demographic variables and obesity prevention behavior among adolescent girls in art and science, engineering and nursing colleges was retained. RECOMMENDATIONS: • A similar study could be undertaken on a larger scale for more valid generalization. • Present study could be replicated in different settings. • Interventional study could be conducted to reduce obesity among adolescents. • Comparative study on obesity prevention behavior between male and female adolescents can be conducted.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obesity, Prevention Behavior, Adolescent Girls, Selected Arts and Science, Engineering, Nursing Colleges, Chennai.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2022 03:18
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:20
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/18953

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