A Study to Assess the Effect of Balloon Blowing Exercise on Airway Patency among Preschool Children with Acute Respiratory Illness in Selected Schools at Kanyakumari District

Abisha Olive, O G (2020) A Study to Assess the Effect of Balloon Blowing Exercise on Airway Patency among Preschool Children with Acute Respiratory Illness in Selected Schools at Kanyakumari District. Masters thesis, Sree Mookambika College of Nursing, Kulasekharam.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Children are the blessings from the Lord. They are like clay in the potter’s hand. Health plays a major role in the future of the children to withstand and meet personal, psychological and social needs and fulfils the challengers in life. In India about 35% of total population are children below 15 years of age. They are not only large in number but vulnerable to various health problems and considered as special risk group. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide among children. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that respiratory infections account for 6% of the total global burden of disease. STATEMENT OF THE STUDY: “A study to assess the effect of Balloon Blowing Exercise on Airway Patency among Preschool Children with Acute Respiratory Illness in selected schools at Kanyakumari District”. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the pre-test and post-test score of respiratory parameters among preschool children in experimental group and control group. 2. To compare the mean pre-test and post-test score between experimental group and control group. 3. To find the association between the pre-test score of respiratory parameters and selected demographic variables among preschool children in experimental group and control group. HYPOTHESES: H1: There is a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test score of respiratory parameters among preschool children with respiratory tract infection in experimental group than in control group. H2: There is a significant association between the pre-test score of respiratory parameters and selected demographic variables among preschool children in experimental group and control group. METHODOLOGY: The study was quasi experimental study with quantitative research approach. The study was conducted in 2 government primary schools (Marankonam and Mundavilai). The samples were preschool children between the age group of 4-6 years with acute respiratory illness. The data collection period was one month. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample, sample size was 40. The tools used for data collection was Respiratory Parameter’s Observation Checklist. The data gathered was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics and interpretations were made based on the objectives of the study. • During pre-test in experimental group, majority 19(95%) were having moderate level of Acute respiratory illness and 1(5%) were having mild level of Acute respiratory illness. In posttest, majority 19(95%) of them were having mild level of Acute respiratory illness and 1(5%) were having moderate level of Acute respiratory illness. • The mean score level of respiratory parameters among preschool children with acute respiratory illness in experimental group, mean value was 24 in pretest and 16.5 in posttest respectively. The Paired ‘t’ value is 19.034* which is significant at p<0.001. • In experimental group the mean score of respiratory parameters among preschool children with acute respiratory illness in post-test was 16.5 and in control group 19.4 respectively. The estimated Unpaired ‘t’ values were 3.908 * which is significant at p<0.001 level. CONCLUSION: The study was done to assess the effect of balloon blowing exercise on airway patency among preschool children with acute respiratory illness in selected schools at Kanyakumari district. Based on statistical findings, in experimental group the mean score of respiratory parameters among preschool children with acute respiratory illness were 16.5 and 24 respectively. The Paired ‘t’ value is 19.034* which is significant at p<0.001. It shows that balloon blowing exercise was effective in reducing the level of respiratory parameters among preschool children. Hence the research hypothesis (H1) is accepted. The study proves that Balloon blowing exercise was cost effective, easily available, it is applicable to be used even by low socio-economic group people and also enjoyable to children as a recreational game and children were easily attracted towards it.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: 301816051
Uncontrolled Keywords: Balloon Blowing Exercise, Airway Patency, Preschool Children, Acute Respiratory Illness, Selected Schools, Kanyakumari.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2021 18:12
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2022 08:49
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/18702

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