Effectiveness of sensory integration therapy on motor activity among mentally challenged children at selected special schools, Salem

Pricy Monica, M (2015) Effectiveness of sensory integration therapy on motor activity among mentally challenged children at selected special schools, Salem. Masters thesis, Sri Gokulam College of Nursing, Salem.

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Abstract

A Study was done to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Sensory Integration Therapy on Motor activity among mentally challenged children at Selected Schools, Salem. A quantitative research approach with quasi-experimental (pre test post test with control group) design was adopted. The settings of the study were Adharsh Thai Special School, Salem as experimental group and CSI Balar Gnana Illam, Salem as control group. 60 mentally challenged children with motor activity impairment in the age group of 6 -16 years were selected by purposive sampling technique. Data was collected from 04.09.2014 to 02.10.2014. Level of Motor activity was assessed by using structured observatory checklist. Sensory integration therapy was carried out in three stages 30 minutes a day by 6 groups consisting of 5 children in each for 21 consecutive days. Followed with 21 days of practice of the sensory integration therapy, post test was conducted on day 27th and 28th both in experimental and control group respectively. The data gathered were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical method. The findings revealed that during pre test, in experimental group, 9(30%) samples had mild motor impairment, 16(53.33%) had moderate motor impairment and 5(16.67%) had severe motor impairment. In control group, 5(16.67%) had mild motor impairment, 19(63.33%) had moderate motor impairment and 5(16.67%) had severe motor impairment. During post test, in experimental group 3(10%) had no impairment, 11(36.67%) of them had mild motor impairment, 11(36.67%) had moderate motor impairment and 5(16.67%) had severe motor impairment. In control group, 5(16.67%) had mild motor impairment, 19(63.33%) had moderate motor impairment and 6(20%) had severe motor impairment. In pre test, the mean score of motor activity was 6.4±4.32, where as in post test, the mean score of motor activity was 8.6±3.89.The calculated ‘t’ value was 5.60 which is greater than the table value of 2.05 at p<0.05 level which shows that the sensory integration therapy was effective in improving the level of motor activity. Hence hypothesis H1 was retained. There was significant association (p≤0.05 level) between the level of motor activity among mentally challenged children and their age in experimental group. Hence hypothesis H3 was retained for above mentioned demographic variables. The study implies that Sensory Integration Therapy was effective for improving motor activity among mentally challenged children.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sensory Integration Therapy ; Motor Activity ; Mentally Challenged Children ; Selected Special Schools ; Salem.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 05:32
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2018 03:19
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1813

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