Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Therapy upon Stress among Nurses

Shekinah Doris, J D (2015) Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Therapy upon Stress among Nurses. Masters thesis, Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai.

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Abstract

A Quasi Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Therapy upon Stress among Nurses at Apollo Hospital, Chennai. Objectives of the study : 1. To assess the level of stress in control group & experimental group of nurses before and after administration of virtual reality therapy. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of virtual reality therapy by comparing the level of stress in control group & experimental group of nurses before and after administration of virtual reality therapy. 3. To determine the level of satisfaction among experimental group of nurses regarding administration of virtual reality therapy. 4. To find out the association between selected variables and the level of stress in control and experimental group of nurses before and after administration of virtual reality therapy. The Transactional Theory of Stress and Coping developed by Lazarus and Folk man (1984) was used as the theoretical framework for this study. This model emphasizes the ongoing and the reciprocal interaction between the person and the environment (Zedeck, 2009). A quasi experimental pre test and post test research design was adopted for conducting this study. The study was conducted at Apollo Hospital, Chennai (Control and Experimental group). A sample size of 60 nurses who meet the inclusion criteria were chosen for this study, in that 30 nurses were taken for control group and 30 nurses were taken for experimental group by purposive sampling technique in same setting. The data collection tools were validated and the reliability was established through test-retest and split half technique. Data was collected using validated tools such as, Demographic Variable proforma, Cohen et al Perceived Stress Scale and Rating Scale on level of satisfaction of virtual reality therapy. The validity was obtained from various experts and reliability was obtained and found to be highly reliable. The main study was conducted after the pilot study. The data was collected by using the predetermined and pretested tools such as demographic variable Performa, perceived stress scale by Cohen et al 1983, and level of satisfaction scale. The data collection was done for the period of 5 weeks on selected samples. Study participants gathered in common recreation hall in the hostel block. Techniques of Virtual Reality Therapy were demonstrated by the researcher and further practiced by the study participants for a period of 1 week. The study participants in experimental group was administered VRT for 5-7 minutes each every day for 2 hours 30 minutes. After 2 weeks Stress was assessed by Cohen et al Perceived Stress Scale both in control and experimental group. Then the level of satisfaction regarding virtual reality therapy was assessed using the satisfaction rating scale on virtual reality therapy. On the whole virtual reality therapy was found to be feasible and effective. Major Findings of the study : Majority of the nurses were aged between 20-25 years (86.6%) with the mean age of 23 years in experimental group, were qualified with B.Sc (N) (66.6%, 86.6%) and had <5 years of experience in control and experimental group respectively. All of the nurses were females (100%, 100%), significant percentage of the nurses had previous knowledge regarding VRT (13.3%, 13.3%) and qualified with GNM (33.3%, 23.3%) in control and experimental group respectively. More than half of the nurses were aged between 20-25 yrs (53.3%) in control group. • Most of them had moderate stress (73.3%, 90%) in control and experimental group of nurses in pre test. However in experimental group after virtual reality therapy significant of them had mild level of stress (80%) and (20%) moderate level of stress. Whereas in control group most of them had moderate level of stress (60%) followed by mild level of stress (40%). • The mean stress score of control group of nurses in pre-test was (M= 40.7, SD= 1.9) and that of post test (M=33, SD= 2.1) in which the difference is not statically significant (P>0.05). • In experimental group the mean stress score is lesser in post test than in pre test (M=38, SD=3) and (M=40.6, SD=2) which is statistically significant (P<0.001). It can be attributed to the effectiveness of Virtual reality therapy on reducing stress. Hence the null hypothesis Ho1 is rejected. • There is significant association between the nurses’ working area (general ward) and the level of stress in experimental group thus the null hypothesis vi Ho2 – There will not be any significant association between selected variables and level of stress in control group and experimental group of nurses before and after administration of virtual reality therapy was rejected, whereas there is no significant association between other variables like age, gender, professional Qualification, previous knowledge of VRT and stress. Hence the null hypothesis Ho2 –There will not be any significant association between the selected demographic variables like age, gender, professional qualification and previous knowledge and level of stress in experimental group of nurses before and after administration of virtual reality therapy was retained. • The researcher found that all of nurses were highly satisfied (100%) regarding the intervention of virtual reality therapy. These findings indicated that the administration of virtual reality therapy is effective in reducing the stress level. Recommendations • The study can be conducted on larger sample to generalize the results. • The study can be conducted among the other health care professionals who also experience stress. • The study can be conducted in community settings among different population like menopausal women and old age population. • A comparative study can be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of various other interventions to help the nurses in reducing their stress and to cope up with stress in the day to day life. • A comparative study can be conducted to assess the level of stress among nurses and other health care professionals.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Virtual Reality Therapy ; Stress ; Nurses.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2017 06:20
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2018 03:28
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1780

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