Effectiveness of Clay Therapy on Anxiety among hospitalized preschool children at Paediatric Medical Ward in Institute of Child Health and Research Centre Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai

Jeyalakshmi, K (2015) Effectiveness of Clay Therapy on Anxiety among hospitalized preschool children at Paediatric Medical Ward in Institute of Child Health and Research Centre Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai. Masters thesis, College of Nursing, Madurai Medical College, Madurai.

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Abstract

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Effectiveness of Clay therapy on anxiety among hospitalized preschool children in paediatric medical ward at Institute of Child Health and Research centre, Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children in experimental group and control group. 2. To assess the effectiveness of clay therapy among hospitalized preschool children in experimental group. 3. To compare the post test level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children in experimental group and control group. 4. To associate the level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children with selected socio-demographic variables among the experimental group. HYPOTHESES: There is a significant difference between the level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children in experimental group before and after clay therapy. There is a significant difference between the post test level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children in experimental group and control group. There is a significant association in the level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children with the selected sociodemographic variables in experimental group. Modified widenbach’s prescriptive theory (1964) was adopted for this study. A true experimental - pre test post test control group design was used. 60 hospitalized preschool children were selected by simple random sampling method. Pre test was conducted by hospital observed behavior check list on the first day after obtaining consent from all the subjects then clay therapy was given 30 minutes once a day for 7 Consecutive days (total 7 sessions) for the subjects. Post test was assessed on 7th day using the same tool. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: Majority of the children 36.7% (11) were in 4 to 6 years of age in the experimental group. ❖ In the sex wise distribution both gender were equal in experimental group. ❖ Based on birth order wise distribution in experimental group most of the children 46.7% (14) were in second child. ❖ Regarding religion wise distribution in experimental group majority 90% (27) of children were from Hindu . ❖ With view of family type wise distribution in experimental group most 60% (18) of children from nuclear family. ❖ Regarding residence wise distribution in experimental group, majority 40% (12) of children were from urban area . ❖ Regarding income in experimental group, most of the 46.7% (14) children were from 2000-4000. ❖ Considering father’s education wise distribution in experimental group majority 36.7% (11) of fathers were having secondary education. ❖ Regarding mother’s education wise distribution in experimental group, most 50% (15) of the mothers were having secondary education. ❖ Regard the standard of studying wise distribution in experimental group, majority 46.7% (14) of the children were studying 1st std. ❖ Considering dietary pattern, experimental group most 90% (27) of children were from non-vegetarian. ❖ On pre assessment the level of anxiety score In the control group during pretest 30% (9) had mild level of anxiety, 26.7% (8) had moderate level of anxiety and 43.3% (13) had severe level of anxiety. In experimental group before intervention 13.3% (4) had mild level of anxiety, 40% (12) had moderate level of anxiety and the remaining 46.7% (7) had severe level of anxiety. In experimental as well as in the control group children shows the symptoms of anxiety. ❖ On post assessment level of anxiety in control group, around 30% (9) children were in mild anxiety and 26.7 % (8) children were in moderate anxiety, 43.35% (13) children were in severe anxiety, no children were in no anxiety as they are not exposed to clay therapy. But in the experimental group 13.3%(4) had no anxiety, 43.3% (13) had mild level of anxiety and the remaining 43.3% (13) had moderate level of anxiety. In experimental children were not shown the severe anxiety after exposed to clay therapy. ❖ Experimental group has been recognized that the highest source of anxiety. In this study in experimental and control group is the worries or scared to receive an injection, separated from parents, unfamiliar surroundings and afraid of medical equipments. ❖ The post assessment anxiety mean score and SD of control group are 138.73 and 40.49 whereas in the experimental group the anxiety mean score and SD are 93.9 and 34.58. It is proved that there is statistically significant difference between experimental and control group. ❖ In paired “t” experimental group pre and posttest the obtained t-value is 20.84 at 0.000 level of significance. So the researcher observed that there is a highly significant reduction of anxiety after getting clay intervention among hospitalized preschool children. ❖ In posttest the control group, no significant association had been found out between the demographic variables of children and the level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children. There is no association between the level of anxiety among hospitalized children and demographic variables in control group. ❖ In post test experimental group significant association had been found out in birth order and standard of studying demographic variables of children and the level of anxiety among hospitalized preschool children.There is association between the level of anxiety among hospitalized children and selected demographic variables in experimental group. CONCLUSION: The study concluded that clay therapy is cost effective, non invasive, non pharmacological complementary and alternative therapy to reduce the level of anxiety among children.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clay Therapy; Anxiety; Among Hospitalized; Preschool Children; Paediatric; Madurai
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 09:46
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2020 07:38
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1540

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