Risk factors for otitis media in rural, preschool south Indian children.

Sophia, A (2008) Risk factors for otitis media in rural, preschool south Indian children. Masters thesis, Christian Medical College, Vellore.


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Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common diseases of childhood. It is also the most frequent diagnosis recorded for infants and children who visit physicians because of illness. It is a disease that not only has a substantial impact on patients and their families, but also is a burden on health care systems in both well developed industrialized nations and developing countries. Otitis media begins in early childhood, in some countries it is seen as early as within the first few weeks of life. Acute otitis media (AOM) precedes chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Estimates of direct and indirect costs attributed to the medical and surgical treatment of children with OM in five years old and younger exceed 5 billion dollars per year (Gates GA,1996). Otitis media in developing countries poses a special problem particularly in the preschool age group. A number of risk factors are associated with otitis media in the children. Host factors that lead to increased risk include male sex, age less than 3 years and a member of the family with acute otitis media. Environmental factors include day care attendance, parental smoking, poor ventilation, low socioeconomic status, and lack of adequate breast feeding (Uhari et al,1996).Other risk factors include race, altered host defenses, and seasonal variation. The present study is aimed at studying the prevalence of Otitis media and determining the risk factors for otitis media in children aged 1-6 years in a rural South Indian population using a case control study design.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: otitis media; risk factors; rural; preschool; children; India
Subjects: MEDICAL > Otolaryngology
Depositing User: Devi S
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 10:35
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 10:35
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1464

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