Evaluation of the Association between Anaemia and Dental Caries in Adult Patients

Devaki, M (2020) Evaluation of the Association between Anaemia and Dental Caries in Adult Patients. Masters thesis, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai.


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BACKGROUND: Dental caries and anaemia are two major global health issues. Anaemia as a potential risk factor for dental caries remains unexplored especially in an adult population. The purpose of the present study was to investigate a possible association between dental caries and anaemia in adult patients. METHODS: This study screened 403 adults who had reported for routine blood investigation with regard to their haemoglobin (Hb) and dental caries status. The caries status was recorded for the individual participants based on their DMFT index and anaemia was recorded based on the haemoglobin levels, i.e., male below 13 g/dl and female below 12 g/dl, respectively, as according to the WHO criteria. Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) values were recorded to classify the type of anaemia. Based on the screened reports, the participants were segregated into two groups; those with anaemia (Anaemic group) and those without anaemia (Non-anaemic group) according to ages in decade. The data was statistically analyzed using SPSS (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 23.0, Armonk, NY: IBM Corp, Released 2015). RESULTS: The mean DMFT index was 5.2 for both the genders in the anaemic group, which was 5.2 in females and 4.0 in males. In non-anaemic group, the mean DMFT index was 3.48 both the genders, which was 3.8 in females and 3.3 in males. The mean DMFT score 3was 5.20±4.97 for anaemic group and 3.48±3.10 for non-anaemic group. Mann-Whitney U test showed a statistically significant association between dental caries and anaemia (p<0.001). The p-value was calculated for each age strata so as to eliminate the confounding effect of age on dental caries and anaemia and was found to be statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The study results confirmed a strong association between dental caries and anaemia in adults.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: 241621001
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaemia, Dental caries, Adults.
Subjects: DENTAL > Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2021 16:11
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2021 00:50
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/14473

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