Clinico Epidemiological study of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Symptomatic Unmarried Males

Nirmala, R (2020) Clinico Epidemiological study of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Symptomatic Unmarried Males. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.


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INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infections [STIs] are one among the five most important causes of loss of healthy productive life. They are the most commonly diagnosed and treated infectious diseases in many parts of the world. A basic understanding of trends and patterns in sexual behaviour is indispensible for predicting transmission of STIs at community and individual level. They are also vital in formulating effective and targeted interventions. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the basic demographic details, sexual behaviour, sexual orientation of unmarried males and to evaluate the role of these factors in acquisition of STI/HIV. METHODOLOGY: The study population comprised of 100 unmarried males between the age group of 18 to 45 years with STI complaints, who attended the Institute of Venereology at Rajiv Gandhi Government General hospital, Chennai from October 2017 to September 2018. RESULTS: The most common age group affected was between 21 – 25 years. About 78% of study population were employed out of which 4% were commercial sex worker, 18% were unemployed and rest 4% were students. In our study 46% were homosexual, 41% were heterosexual and rest of 13% were bisexual. Oro receptive & ano receptive sex was practised by 78% of homosexuals. While heterosexuals had only penovaginal sex, both oro & ano insertive and combined sex (receptive and insertive) was practised equally by bisexuals. Irrespective of the sexual orientation, the rate of condom usage was only 24%. 30% paid money to their partner and 11% received money from their partner during their last sexual act. It was found that only homosexuals had received money in exchange for sex. Syphilis was the most common STI seen in 22% of the patients. It was found to be the most common infection among homosexuals who constituted 59% of the total cases. HIV is found among 12% of patients, with homosexuals constituting 50% of the total cases. CONCLUSION: Adolescents and adults are considered to be at risk group for STI/HIV due to the various factors like changing sexual behaviour, high risk sexual practices, multiple sexual partners, having sex under the influence of drugs and inconsistent condom usage. Hence it is essential that they form the target population for sexual education for proper control of STIs in the community.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: 201730006
Uncontrolled Keywords: Unmarried males, sexually transmitted infections, Adolescents, homosexual, receptive anal & oral sex, syphilis.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Dermatology Venereology and Leprosy
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2021 01:20
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2021 01:20

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