Prevalence of Candiduria in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, a Cross Sectional study at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Chennai

Manikandan, M (2020) Prevalence of Candiduria in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, a Cross Sectional study at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Chennai. Masters thesis, Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai.


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BACKGROUND: Candiduria refers to the presence of Candida species in urine. It is considered one of the most controversial issues in patient management. Diabetic patients, shows high prevalence of candiduria. A cross sectional study was conducted to identify the prevalence of candiduria in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHADOLOGY: Known case of type 2 diabetes patient FBS and PPBS measured.Collection of specimens- midstream urine specimen was collected from each patient, in a sterile container, samples were immediately sent to microbiology lab - the growing fungi were identified according to the standard microbiological methods. RESULTS: Among the type 2 diabetic patients 25% had Candiduria an75% did not have Candiduria. The type 2 diabetic patients 82.1% were asymptomatic and 17.9% were symptomatic Among the Symptomatic type 2 diabetic 61.7% were <40 years and 38.3% were ≥40 years, 33.3% were male and 66.7% were female, 5% had FBS <126 mg/dl and 95% had FBS ≥126 mg/dl, 100% had PPBS ≥200 mg/dl, 100% had Candiduria, 88.3% had urine acetone negative and 11.7% had positive urine acetone. Among the asymptomatic diabetic 55.8% were <40 years and 44.2% were ≥40 years, 41.7% were male and 58.3% were female, 7.2% had FBS <126 mg/dl and 92.8% had FBS ≥126 mg/dl, 0.7% had PPBS <200mg/dl and 99.3% had PPBS ≥200mg/dl, 91.3% had no Candiduria and 8.7% had Candiduria, 98.2% had urine acetone negative. The type 2 diabetic who had no Candiduria 54.8% were <40 years and 45.2% were ≥40 years, 41.3% were male and 58.7% were female, 7.9% had FBS <126 mg/dl and 92.1% had FBS ≥126 mg/dl, 0.8% had PPBS <200mg/dl and 99.2% had PPBS ≥200 mg/dl, 100% had no Symptoms, 98.4% had urine acetone negative and 1.6% had positive urine acetone. CONCLUSION: The presence of candiduria in diabetic patient should not be neglected. Asymptomatic patients are advised about personal hygiene, control blood sugar and further follow to prevent further complication.Symptomatic patient adequately evaluated and treated as OP and IP.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: 201711156
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence of Candiduria, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Cross Sectional study, Tertiary Care Hospital, Chennai.
Subjects: MEDICAL > General Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2021 16:36
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2021 16:36

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