An Experimental study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Depression among Elderly in Selected Settings, Vellore

Usha Rani, B (2011) An Experimental study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Depression among Elderly in Selected Settings, Vellore. Masters thesis, Vel R.S. Medical College - College of Nursing, Chennai.


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Old age is the most critical stage a person goes through. It is the stage where man faces problems socially, physically, mentally and even economically. Depression in older adults and the elderly recognizes the sigh of getting help. The World Health Organization theme (1993) “handle and prevent violence and negligence” are rightly applicable to geriatric nursing, as the nursing world is marching towards quality assurance. Nursing of aged, need skill, constant vigilance, observational assessment, meticulous care planning and efficient nursing care. The world Health Organization called the year 1999 as the International year for the old age with theme “active aging makes the difference” leading to preparation of an active old age. “Music therapy for depression is like a journey from darkness to light.” Happy mind will bring upon the healing of our mind. The philosophy of music therapy has a link between music and depression. It expresses the emotion in symbolic communication. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on depression among elderly. The study was conducted at ST.ANNE’S HOME FOR AGED branch I & II at Vellore District. Simple random sampling technique was used. In two old age homes, the investigator selected 30 elders in experimental group and 30 elders for control group. With the help of old age home authorities, the investigator conducted a pretest for all the elders in both setting and identified mild and moderate level of depression among elders. Depression scale based on Yesavage Geriatric depression was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy in level of depression. The Comparison of post test level of depression among elderly between the Experimental and Control group showed a mean value of 13.2 with S.D 1.6 and 15.1 with S.D 3.2 and ‘t’ value 2.8 at P<0.001 level of significance. The analysis revealed that the experimental group post test level of depression had statistically significant association and socio demographic variables had no statistically significant association with the level of depression. The psychiatric nurse have a vital role to play in enabling music therapy among elderly in depression. Nurse can inculcate the music therapy in every old age home and other settings as a daily routine procedure among elderly as evidence based practice for evaluating the massive developmental outcome.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness, Music Therapy, Depression, Elderly, Selected Settings, Vellore.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2020 16:27
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2020 14:58

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