Prevalence of Partner Violence and Its relationship with Psychological Well being among Married Women

Manjula, T R (2012) Prevalence of Partner Violence and Its relationship with Psychological Well being among Married Women. Masters thesis, Sacred Heart Nursing College, Madurai.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study to determine the prevalence of partner violence and its relationship with psychological well being among married women. Descriptive and inferential statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, chi-square test and correlation) was used to analyze the data. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the prevalence of partner violence among married women. 2. To assess the psychological well being of married women with partner violence. 3. To find out the relationship between various abuse and psychological well being. 4. To find out the association between partner violence and selected demographic variables of married women (Age, age at marriage, education, occupation, family monthly income, marital duration marital relationship, type of family, family network support, number of children and leisure time activities). 5. To find out the association between partner violence and selected demographic variables of spouse (Age, education, occupation, bad habits, history of physical and mental illness and extra marital relationship). 6. To find out the association between the psychological well being and selected demographic variables of married women with partner violence (Age, age at marriage, education, occupation, family monthly income, marital duration, marital relationship, type of family, family network support, number of children and leisure time activities). MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF THE MARRIED WOMEN: • Majority (31%) of the samples belongs to the age group of 21 – 30 years, more than half (61%) of the women got married before the age of 20 years. Most (82%) of samples belonged to Hindu religion. The large proportion (56%) of the samples studied up to primary school. Nearly half (41%) of the married women were housewives. Majority (39%) of the samples earned an family monthly income of Rs.5000 – 8000. Majority (32%) of the samples had marital duration of 5 – 10 years and (19%) of them had marital duration of below 5 years. The majority (78%) of the samples had arranged marriage whereas only 8% had inter- caste marriage. Large proportion (74%) of the samples had satisfactory marital relationship. Only (27%) had history of physical illness. Majority (81%) of the samples had financial problems. Most of the samples (64%) from nuclear family. The majority (67%) of the samples were getting support from their family of birth. Nearly half (41%) of the samples had two children. Many (44%) of the samples, spent their leisure time by watching television. ❖ WITH REGARD TO DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF SPOUSE OF MARRIED WOMEN: • Most of the samples (29%) belonged to the age group of 31-40 years and nearly half (44%) of the samples had completed high school education. The large proportion (41%) of the samples were working as a coolie. Nearly (29%) of the samples were alcoholics. Maximum (88.6%) of the samples did not have physical illness. Large proportion (98.5%) of the samples did not have mental illness. Most (97.4%) of the samples does not had extra marital relationship. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE PREVALENCE OF PARTNER VIOLENCE: • Majority (86.5%) of the samples have experienced partner violence and (13.5%) of the samples not experienced it. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE DISTRIBUTION OF MARRIED WOMEN BASED ON VARIOUS ABUSE IN PARTNER VIOLENCE: • Under physical abuse, majority (80%) of the married women had mild abuse, (19%) reported moderate abuse and interestingly only 1% of the married women had severe physical abuse. Most of them (97%) had mild sexual abuse and only (3%) of the married women had moderate sexual abuse. • Nearly half (45%) of the married women had mild psychological abuse and (55%) of them had moderate psychological abuse. Most (43%) of the married women had mild verbal abuse and (57%) of them had moderate abuse. Under economic abuse, (51%) of the married women had mild abuse, whereas (49%) had moderate abuse. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE DISTRIBUTION OF MARRIED WOMEN ACCORDING TO THEIR PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING. • Majority (37%) of the married women have experienced moderate distress, (30%) of them have experienced severe distress and (33%) of the married women had positive well being. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE CORRELATION BETWEEN VARIOUS ABUSE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING AMONG MARRIED WOMEN. • There was a negative relationship between various abuse and psychological well being. Physical abuse and psychological well being (‘r’ value = -0.4638), Sexual abuse and psychological well being (‘r’ value = -0.3956), Psychological abuse and psychological well being (‘r’ value = -0.3623), Verbal abuse and psychological well being (‘r’ value = --0.5708) and Economic abuse and psychological well being (‘r’ value = -0.4754) have a significant negative relationship. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN VARIOUS ABUSE AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF MARRIED WOMEN: • There was a significant association between the sexual abuse and age at marriage (χ 2= 14.4787), education (χ 2 = 14.1073), occupation (χ 2=.7366), type of family (χ 2 = 15.0250) and marital relationship (χ2 = 4.6892) at 0.05 level of significance. • There was a significant association between the psychological abuse and age (χ 2 = 36.56), education (= 10.8945), occupation = 14.1189), family monthly income (χ 2 = 26.2249), type of family (χ 2 = 15.5647) and number of children (χ 2 = 9.4021) at 0.05 level of significance. • There was a significant association between the verbal abuse and age (χ 2 = 13.51), age at marriage (χ 2 = 8.1992), occupation (χ 2 = 10.052) and type of family (χ 2 = 6.3143) at 0.05 level of significance. • There was a significant association between the economic abuse and age (χ 2 = 8.3650), age at marriage (χ 2 = 4.8477), education (χ 2 = 18.416), family monthly income (χ 2 = 8.744), number of children (χ 2 = 9.0764) and spending their leisure time (χ 2 = 8.9425) at 0.05 level of significance. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN VARIOUS ABUSE AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF SPOUSE OF MARRIED WOMEN: • There was a statistically significant association between the physical abuse and occupation (χ2 = 14.9506) and history of physical illness (χ2 = 6.889) at 0.05 level of significance. • There was a statistically significant association between the sexual abuse and age (χ2 = 33.3524) and occupation (χ2 = 10.0804) at 0.05 level of significance. • There was a statistically significant association between the psychological abuse and age (χ2 = 20.0335) at 0.05 level of significance. • There was a statistically significant association between the verbal abuse and education (χ 2 = 13.7462) and occupation (χ 2 = 27.9823) at 0.05 level of significance. ❖ WITH REGARD TO THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF MARRIED WOMEN: • There was a significant association between the psychological well being and type of family (χ 2 = 21.99) and number of children (χ 2 =15.518) at 0.05 level of significance. CONCLUSION: The study brought the following conclusion: • 86.5% of the samples had experienced partner violence and 13.5% of the samples not experienced it. • Most of the people were suffered from mild abuse. • Married women between the age group of 21 – 30 years were mostly affected than others. • Most of the married women living in the nuclear family suffered from partner violence. • Abuses negatively related with psychological well being. • Most of the married women suffering from mild sexual abuse, interestingly only 3% of them had moderate abuse. • Only 1% of the married women had severe physical abuse.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence, Partner Violence, Psychological Well being, Married Women.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2020 14:13
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2020 14:21
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/13057

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