Effectiveness of Infection Control Protocol on Knowledge and Practice among NICU Nurses working at Selected Hospitals, Kanyakumari District

Pradeepa, M (2012) Effectiveness of Infection Control Protocol on Knowledge and Practice among NICU Nurses working at Selected Hospitals, Kanyakumari District. Masters thesis, Omayal Achi College of Nursing, Chennai.


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INTRODUCTION: Neonates who are getting admitted to Neonatal Intensive care units are at high risk for developing various infections, because of their lowered resistance to infections, microorganisms, increased exposure to different types of organisms and various invasive procedures. Hospital is one of the most likely places for acquiring an infection since it harbors antibiotic resistant micro-organisms. Nosocomial infections are a significant problem in Neonatal intensive care units. For reducing the incidence of nosocomial infection, each NICU should have an infection control program. Well-directed infection control activities can reduce the nosocomial infection rates. Adequate and well trained nursing staffs are essential for infection control. Education of the nurses about infection control practices and standard practice guidelines has an important role in the reduction of nosocomial infections. As a member of the interdisciplinary care team, the nurse can work with other health care professionals to prevent the risk of nosocomial infection in the NICU. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of infection control protocol on knowledge and practice among NICU nurses. METHODOLOGY: Quasi experimental non equivalent control group post test only design. SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Units of PPK hospital and Grace Hospital, Kanyakumari District. Measurements and Tools: The level of knowledge was assessed using structured questionnaire and practice was assessed using Observational checklist based on AIIMS and WHO practical guide. Intervention: Infection control protocol was given for NICU nurses working at neonatal intensive care units of selected hospitals. RESULTS: The post test mean score in Group A was 28.3 and S. D 1.29 and the post test mean score in Group B was 17.70 and S. D 1.26. The calculated‘t’ value was 31.227 which showed high statistical significance at p < 0.001 level. DISCUSSION: There was a significant improvement in the knowledge and practice of NICU nurses in Group A after administering the infection control protocol to be followed in the NICU. Thus the infection control protocol was effective in improving the knowledge and practice among NICU nurses. Implication for Clinical practice: The NICU nurses should update their knowledge by attending seminars, continuing educational programme, workshop and conferences. All the nurses who cares the critically ill neonates should be equipped with the knowledge and practice on infection control measures in NICU. By providing infection control protocol nurse’s can reduce the risk of nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care unit.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness, Infection Control Protocol, Knowledge, Practice, NICU Nurses working, Selected Hospitals, Kanyakumari District.
Subjects: NURSING > Community Health Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 02:52
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 15:57
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/12984

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