A study to assess the effectiveness of Kangaroo mother care on responses among low birth weight neonates in the postnatal ward of Government Rajaji Hospital at Madurai

Semmalar, R (2011) A study to assess the effectiveness of Kangaroo mother care on responses among low birth weight neonates in the postnatal ward of Government Rajaji Hospital at Madurai. Masters thesis, College of Nursing, Madurai Medical College, Madurai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Low birth weight neonates are a special group that needs attention and care, it is the significant factor contributing to neonatal morbidity and mortality. Simple measure to prevent morbidity and mortality as care of low birth weight must be exercised with emphasis on kangaroo mother care. Kangaroo mother care is a humane, low cost and simple method of care of low birth weight neonates. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: A study to assess the effectiveness of Kangaroo mother care on responses among low birth weight neonates in the postnatal ward of Government Rajaji Hospital at Madurai. OBJECTIVES: 1. To Assess pre test and post test in the physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response in experimental group and control group. 2. To Evaluate the effectiveness of kangaroo mother care in physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response among experimental group. 3. To Compare the physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response between experimental group and control group. 4. To Associate the physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response with selected demographic variables of experimental group and control group. HYPOTHESES: H 1- There will be significant difference between pre test and post test among experimental group. H2 - There will be significant difference in physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response between experimental group and control group. H3 - There will be significant association of the physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response with selected demographic variables of experimental group and control group. METHODOLOGY: Quasi experimental approach was used in this study. The research design used for this study was Non-equivalent control group design. The study was conducted in the postnatal ward of Government Rajaji Hospital at Madurai. Purposive sampling method was used to select the sample. The sample size was 60 low birth weight neonates and their mothers that was 30 low birth weight neonates and their mothers in the experimental group and 30 low birth weight neonates and their mothers in the control group. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: In physiological response, there is a high significant difference between pre test and post test among experimental group (‘t’ value -18.57, ‘p’ value- 0.006), in behavioural response, there is a high significant difference between pre test and post test among experimental group (‘t’ value -43.14, ‘p’ value 0.004) and in psycho social response, there is a high significant difference between pre test and post test among experimental group (‘t’ value -14.31, ‘p’ value- 0.004). By comparing both groups, in physiological response, there is a high significant difference between experimental and control group (‘t’ value - 12.47, ‘p’ value 0.004), in behavioural response, there is a high significant difference between experimental and control group (‘t’ value -26.7, ‘p’ value- 0.002) and in psycho social response, there is a high significant difference between experimental and control group (‘t’ value -13.09, ‘p’ value 0.005). There was a significant association between the psycho social response and sex of the neonate (χ2-4.35; ‘p’ value-0.03). RECOMMENDATIONS: Based on this study, the following recommendations have been made for further study. ❖ A similar study may be replicated with large sample. ❖ A comparative study may be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of kangaroo mother care versus other methods (incubator care, mummifying and traditional care etc) on low birth weight neonates. ❖ A follow-up study may be conducted to assess the effectiveness of kangaroo mother care in the community set up. ❖ Similar studies may be done by using other method of caring of low birth weight neonates. ❖ The study may be conducted to the low birth weight neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit. ❖ The study may be conducted to the pre term babies. ❖ The study may be conducted to the low birth weight neonates born to the LSCS mother. CONCLUSION: This study assessed the effectiveness of kangaroo mother care on the low birth weight neonates. The findings of the study showed that the KMC has positive effect on the physiological response, behavioural response and psycho social response. So that the investigator concluded that the KMC is the safe method to care the low birth weight neonates and to implement this in our settings.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness,Kangaroo mother care, low birth weight neonates, postnatal ward, Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2020 05:32
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2020 05:32
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/12914

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