A STUDY TO ASSESS THE MALNUTRITION AND ITS CONTRIBUTING FACTORS AMONG MOTHERS OF MALNOURISHED PRESCHOOLERS IN SELECTED VILLAGES, MADURAI.

Dhanalakshmi, P L (2012) A STUDY TO ASSESS THE MALNUTRITION AND ITS CONTRIBUTING FACTORS AMONG MOTHERS OF MALNOURISHED PRESCHOOLERS IN SELECTED VILLAGES, MADURAI. Masters thesis, C.S.I. Jeyaraj Annapackiam College of Nursing, Madurai.

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Abstract

A descriptive Study to assess the malnutrition and its contributing factors among mothers of malnourished preschoolers in selected villages, Madurai - 2011 was undertaken by P.L.Dhanalakshmi in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science In Nursing at C.S.I. Jeyaraj Annapackiam College of Nursing, affiliated to the Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai. The Objectives of the study were 1. To assess the malnutrition among preschoolers 2. To determine the contributing factors of malnutrition among mothers of malnourished preschoolers. 3. To find out the association between malnutrition and selected demographic variables. 4. To find out the association between the contributing factors of malnutrition among malnourished preschoolers and selected demographic variables. Review was done relevant to the study. The conceptual framework for the study was based upon Becker’s and Mainman’s health belief model (1975). The research design was non experimental, description about malnutrition and its contributing factors of malnutrition. A total of 60 malnourished preschoolers were taken for samples in the study using purposive sampling technique. The malnutrition was assessed by WHO child growth standards (2006) and structured interview with dichotomous options for the contributing factors of malnutrition. Reliability of the tool r = 0.84. The main study was done in kaitharinagar, Madurai. The data collected was tabulated, analyzed and interpreted using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results shows that based on WHO growth standards (2006) weight-for-age reveals that, 47 (78%) malnourished preschoolers who had (< - 2SD) moderate underweight, 13 (22%) malnourished preschoolers who had (< - 3SD) severely underweight. Regarding contributing factors of malnutrition study reveals that, 39(65%) malnourished preschoolers were in the moderate risk groups. Only 19(32%) were in the severe risk groups and 2(3%) were in the mild risk groups. Malnutrition to child is determined by overall risk factors that are maternal and childhood factors, immunization status, feeding and dietary practice and Environmental and hygienic factors. Specially history of recurrent illness and hospitalization for respiratory infection and diarrhea, lack of vitamin – A and Iron supplementation, lack of exclusive breast feeding and lack of environmental and hygienic measures were contributed to this malnourished children. The chi square value of 5.56 (p<0.005) signifies that there was significant association between sex and malnutrition. The chi square value of 5.15 (p<0.05) signifies that there was significant association between family income and malnutrition. The chi- square value was not significant association between demographic variables like age, sex and birth order of the child, type of family, family income with contributing factors of malnutrition. The investigator believes that this study would be useful contribution for creating awareness to the mothers of malnourished preschoolers regarding malnutrition. Pediatric nurse in the health care team should has concern over preschoolers and occupies a major role in educating the peoples especially under five children to enhance health promoting behavior. Learning module on malnutrition was administered to the mothers of malnourished preschoolers.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 17:29
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 17:29
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/12871

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