Effectiveness of Self Esteem Training to Improve the Self Esteem and Coping Strategies among Orpahns in St.Aloysious Orphanage Home, Dharapuram

Angelin Lavanya, S (2012) Effectiveness of Self Esteem Training to Improve the Self Esteem and Coping Strategies among Orpahns in St.Aloysious Orphanage Home, Dharapuram. Masters thesis, Bishop’s College of Nursing, Dharapuram.

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Abstract

“Age is honourable and youth is noble.” Adolescence is a period of transition between childhood and adulthood- a time of rapid physical, cognitive, social and emotional maturation. The origins of self esteem can be traced to childhood and are based on acceptance, warmth, involvement, consistency, praised and respect. Self esteem increases with age and is most threatened during adolescence, when concepts of self are being changed and many self decisions are made. Adolescents must choose carrier paths and decide whether they are good enough to succeed at them. Adolescents also must decide whether they are able to participate or are accepted in various social activities. Self-esteem of the orphan children and the children living with their parents are different. The children in orphanages reported lower degree of self-esteem than children living with their parents. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of self esteem training to improve the self esteem and coping strategies among orphans in St. Aloysious orphanage home, Dharapuram. The study was evaluative approach. The research design used for the study was pre experimental one group pre test and post test design. Conceptual framework for the study was based on Modified Roy’s adaptation model [1984]. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the 100 samples who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. On the first two days pre test data was collected by self administered questionnaire using 4 point likert scale - Rosenberg Self esteem scale and coping strategies survey scale from the samples in St. Aloysius orphanage home, Dharapuram. In that 33 boys and 67 girls are had low self esteem with inadequate coping. The 67 girls were separated as two groups, 33 in one group and 34 in another group. Self esteem training was given for 26 days which includes action songs, fancy dress competition, musical drawing, games, storytelling, psycho drama, and music listening for the duration of 1 hr/day daily in the evening. Post test was done after the training by using the above mentioned same scale. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean post test scores of self esteem was 22.01 (SD + 3.086) higher than the mean pretest scores of self esteem 9.57 (SD + 1.87), with a mean difference of 12.44 and the corresponding‘t’ value was 10.2 which was significant at P< 0.05 level. The mean post test scores of coping strategies was 101.62 (SD + 7.7931) which was higher than the mean pretest scores of coping strategies 46.96 (SD+ 11.17) with a mean difference of 54.66 and the corresponding‘t’ value was 50.456 which was significant at P < 0.05 level. Association between self esteem and selected demographic variables showed that there was no significant relationship among variables where as the association between coping strategies and selected demographic variable showed that there was a significant relationship between coping strategies gies and age (χ2=6.4998) coping strategies and education (χ2=8.257) and coping strategies and hobbies (χ2=12.7345) which was significant at the level of at P < 0.05. The study findings revealed that there was a significant improvement in the levels of self esteem and coping strategies after self esteem training. Based on the statistical findings it was evident that self esteem training was effective in improving the self esteem and the coping strategies among orphans.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness, Self Esteem Training, Self Esteem and Coping Strategies, Orpahns, St.Aloysious Orphanage Home, Dharapuram.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 17:16
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 17:16
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/12867

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