A Study on Diagnostic Methodology and Symptomatology of Kandakarappan (Hypothyroidism)

Sangeetha, S (2012) A Study on Diagnostic Methodology and Symptomatology of Kandakarappan (Hypothyroidism). Masters thesis, National Institute of Siddha, Chennai.


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The study was aimed at delving in depth into the details of the clinical features mentioned under Kanda Karappan and to define Siddha diagnostic methods and prognosis of kanda karappan. Thus the study conducted had come out with excellent results validating the clinical features of kanda karappan propounded by Sage Yugi. With the observation and inference of various parameters like Naadi, disease acquired season, Neikkuri it can be concluded that all of them point to the development or vitiation of vatha humour leading to the disease Kanda karappan. From the observation and inference of patient’s age and sex it was concluded that the incidence of kanda karappan increases with age and more common in females. The aetiology observed in the study for the patients of Kanda Karappan suggests that the karappan foods were primarily the cause for disease. The karappan foods mentioned in the literature were found to be goitrogenic substances, which blocks the iodine utilization resulting in hypothyroidism. The analysed Sage Yugi’s literarure showed that the stress was an aggravating factor for not only the skin disease but also for systemic disorders like hypothyroidism. Manikkadai Nool results threw up a narrow identifiable range (9½-10 ½ fbs) for Kanda karappan. So with all the symptomatology and the observed results, a clinician can derive new diagnostic criteria for the disease Kanda karappan. The Manikadainool, Neikuri findings and food habits may help in the identifying of preponderance in a person to develop Kanda karappan; hence it can be used as a screening measure to advise the preventive measures well in advance. Interestingly, it was found that the symptoms presented by the patients in the study were those of a constant subset of symptoms of hypothyroidism explained in the present day classification and they had the deficient status of thyroid hormone level.The signs and symptoms of Kanda karappan mentioned by Sage Yugi in his text under karappan disease classification. As per the study the concept to avoid karappan foods matches with the concept of avoiding goitrogenic food items for hypothyroidism prevention.Therefore it can be construed that the concept of addition of iodine in food and mineral supplements which can augument the function of thyroid gland may as well be taken as a advice to be given for the patients diagnosed as Kanda karappan by Siddha methodology. Thus this study has validated the symptomatology propounded by Sage Yugi and matched it with that of a disease –hypothyroidism, classified as per International standards. The analogy made in this study between these two topics given in two different systems of medicines has clearly established that both the entities are one and the same for all practical purposes. The study concludes that the kanda karappan disease may be due to some pathologic disturbance in the Kandam, it may refer to the thyroid glandular disorders which produces the Karappan – skin lesions over the body.Kanda karappan may not necessarily be a karappan lesion exclusively occuring over the kandam-neck region.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Reg.No.32093204
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diagnostic methodology, symptomatology, Kandakarappan, Hypothyroidism.
Subjects: AYUSH > Noi-naadal
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2020 02:41
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2020 17:24
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/12756

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