A True Experimental study to assess the effectiveness of topical anesthetic cream on pain experience among patients undergoing Intervenous Cannulation in selected hospital, Krishnagiri District

Ajin, R S (2014) A True Experimental study to assess the effectiveness of topical anesthetic cream on pain experience among patients undergoing Intervenous Cannulation in selected hospital, Krishnagiri District. Masters thesis, Padmavathi College of Nursing, Dharmapuri.

[img]
Preview
Text
3001088ajinrs.pdf

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Pain is the unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or decrease in terms of such damage. Early pain experiences may play a particularly important role in shaping an individual’s pain responses. In adequate relief of pain and distress painful medical procedures may have long-term negative effects on future pain tolerance and pain responses. Intravenous therapy is delivered annually to millions of patients in homes, hospitals and other health care facilities. Cannulation causes moderate or severe pain in a substantial number of children and adults. Some institutions have procedures for minimizing the predictable pain of cannulation. Tropical anesthetics are analgesic drugs that may be associated with higher magnitude of benefit for managing pain during common needle stick procedures. The investigator has come across many incidence during his clinical practice in which the patients requesting anesthesia during intravenous cannula. Hence the study was conducted on the following topic “A true experimental study to assess the effectiveness of topical anesthetic cream on pain experience among patients undergoing intravenous cannulation, selected hospital in krishnagiri.” OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1. Assess the level of pain during intravenous cannulation among experimental group. 2. Assess the level of pain during intravenous cannulation among control group. 3. Compare the level of pain among experimental group and control group. 4. Associate the level of pain with the selected demographic variables among experimental group and control group. HYPOTHESIS H1: There is a significant difference in the pain score between experimental group and control group of patients undergoing intravenous cannulation. H2: There is significant association between the level of pain among patients undergoing intravenous cannulation and the selected socio-demographic variables. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK The conceptual framework adopted on the study is Roy’s Adaptation model. Roy focuses on the individual as a biopsychosocial adaptive system that employs a feedback cycle of input (stimuli), throughput (control processes), and output (behaviors or adaptive responses). METHODOLOGY The research approach adopted for the study was experimental approach i.e. post test only control design. The present study attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of topical anesthetic cream in reducing the pain associated with intravenous cannulation. This study includes manipulation, control and randomization. 60 subjects who require an intravenous line were included in the study and 30 subjects each are allocated randomly to experimental and control group through lottery method. Topical anesthetic cream is applied 5 minutes before cannulation for experimental group. The pain of puncture is assessed after intravenous cannulation. The effectiveness of topical anesthetic cream was assessed by comparing the pain scores between experimental and control group through suitable statical methods. TOOL The tool used for data collection was organized into two sections Section A: Socio-demographic data including clinical variables Section B: Standardized pain assessment tool-Numeric Rating Scale RESULTS

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Topical Anesthetic Cream ; Pain Experience ; Patients; Undergoing Intervenous Cannulation ; Selected Hospital ; Krishnagiri District.
Subjects: NURSING > Medical Surgical Nursing
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan J
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2017 06:31
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2018 05:59
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1274

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item