The study of Profunda Femoris Artery and Variations in its Origin and Branching Patterns

Manonmani, S (2017) The study of Profunda Femoris Artery and Variations in its Origin and Branching Patterns. Masters thesis, Stanley Medical College, Chennai.


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Profunda femoris artery is a large branch that emerges from the posterolateral aspect of the femoral artery in the femoral triangle, approximately 4.5 cm below the inguinal ligament. This is the main artery which supplies the adductor, extensor and flexor muscles of the thigh. Profunda femoris artery lies lateral and runs behind the femoral artery, femoral vein and adductor longus. There after it runs between adductor longus and adductor brevis. It continues to descend between adductor longus and adductor magnus. It ends by piercing the latter to anastomose with muscular branches of popliteal artery. The terminal part of the profunda femoris artery is sometimes named as fourth perforating artery. The knowledge of the variations in the site of origin and course of the profunda femoris artery, its circumflex branches has great importance during clinical diagnostic, imaging procedures and in surgeries that are performed in the femoral triangle. A sound knowledge about the anatomy of profunda femoris artery is important while doing clinical procedures in femoral region and in hip joint replacement, for avoiding iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula or severe secondary hemorrhage while performing femoral artery puncture. Profundafemoris artery is used for arteriography, ultrasound, doppler imaging, digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Reg.No.201433051
Uncontrolled Keywords: Profunda femoris artery, Lateral circumflex femoral artery, Medial circumflex femoral artery.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Anatomy
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 03:07
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 12:54

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