A Comparitive Study on Effectiveness of Diaphragmatic with Costal Breathing Exercises on Improving PEFR and Dyspnea Level on Asthma Patients

27092327, (2011) A Comparitive Study on Effectiveness of Diaphragmatic with Costal Breathing Exercises on Improving PEFR and Dyspnea Level on Asthma Patients. Masters thesis, P.P.G. College of Physiotherapy, Coimbatore.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) according to World Health Organization (WHO) is a group of diseases that includes chronic bronchitis, Emphysema and Asthma. Exacerbations of COPD account for 10% of hospital admissions in the UK and with around 30,000 deaths per year; it represents the sixth most common cause of death in the UK. In 1997, on the prevalence of smoking among men in Chennai, showed that the highest rate of tobacco consumption 64% was consumed by the uneducated people and by 2020, it may cause the third most important cause of death world wide. Asthma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that obstructive diseases causes 4 -7 million death annually and this is the fifth leading cause of global mortality About 18 million Indians 5 percent men and 2.75 percent women above 30 years of age are already suffering from this disease. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airways in which cell many cells an cellular elements play a role (National Institute of Health 1997). It is a disease of diffuse airway inflammation caused by a variety of triggering stimuli resulting in partially or completely reversible broncho constriction, symptoms and signs include dyspnea, chest tightness, cough and wheezing. Dyspnea is common in asthma patients due to obstruction of airways resulting in decreased lung function. Patho physiology includes broncho constriction, airways edema and inflammation airway hyper activity and airway remodeling. OBJECTIVES: To find out the effectiveness of diaphragmatic breathing with costal breathing exercises on Asthma patients. DESIGN: The study design was pre-test, post test experimental study design. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty subjects aged 30 to 55 years with Asthma patients were selected under purposive sampling technique and assigned into two groups with 30 subjects each, one group remained as control group and other group received diaphragmatic breathing with costal breathing exercises. INTERVENTIONS: The patients were instructed to perform diaphragmatic breathing with coastal exercises, four times each, three times a day for four weeks. MAIN OUT COME MEASURES: PEFR on Peak Flow Meter and dyspnea rating on Modified Borg Dyspnea scale were used for evaluation of both groups. RESULTS: Patients in the experimental group with diaphragmatic breathing and costal breathing exercises showed significantly better performance. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that DBE with CBE improve the peak expiratory flow rate and reduce dyspnea level in Asthma Patients.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Reg.No.27092327
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peak Expiratory Flow rate, Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise, Costal Breathing Exercise, Modified Borg Dyspnea Scale.
Subjects: PHYSIOTHERAPY > Physiotherapy in Cardio-Respiratory
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2020 04:10
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2020 03:15
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/11792

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