A Cross Sectional Study to Estimate the Prevalence of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding among Mothers in a Zone of Chennai City.

Anaiappan, J (2010) A Cross Sectional Study to Estimate the Prevalence of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding among Mothers in a Zone of Chennai City. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Breast Feeding is the most effective method of promoting the Health of infants. It’s God’s gift to human beings. Breast feeding is a Most valuable natural resource and is of utmost importance to prevent Disease and to promote child survival. Yet, it is not been practised Universally. It leads to infections which causes high mortality and Morbidity. It also causes malnutrition and huge economic loss to the Country. Early initiation of breast feeding and exclusive breastfeeding are Now being recognized as the most effective strategy for improving child Survival. In a developing country like India, the Infant mortality rate, Neonatal mortality rate, Under-five mortality rate and the prevalence of Under nutrition are very high. The promotion of early initiation and Exclusive breastfeeding will be an extremely efficient strategy in Improving infant and child survival. This will help us to reduce the Infant Mortality rate, Neonatal mortality rate, Under-five mortality rate and Under nutrition and thereby saving the life of children. However, the most recent observation is that the early initiation of Breastfeeding within first one hour is very essential for improving Survival of the newborn babies and to reduce the neonatal mortality. The International agencies like World Health organization (WHO), United Nations Childrens Emergency Fund (UNICEF), World Alliance for Breastfeeding and Action (WABA) and International Baby Food Acton Network (IBFAN) and the Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India (BPNI) are increasingly stressing the need for early initiation of Breastfeeding within first one hour for saving the life of newborn babies And protecting them from infections which are the main cause of neonatal Mortality. OBJECTIVES : To estimate the prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding (within first one hour of birth) among urban mothers. To assess the factors associated with non-initiation of breast feeding within one hour of birth. JUSTIFICATION : Early initiation of breastfeeding is not only a key intervention to improve the health and survival of neonates; it is now seen as a child’s right. • This study is relevant, since breastfeeding is of major public health intervention and it is an important component of essential newborn care. • Early initiation of breastfeeding is seen as an important step to reduce Neonatal Mortality Rate, Infant Mortality Rate and Under-five mortality rate. It also enhances the chance of exclusive breastfeeding thereby reducing the burden of malnutrition and promoting child survival. • One of the Millennium Development Goal is to reduce the Under-five mortality rate by two thirds of the existing levels which can be achieved through early initiation. SUMMARY : The descriptive cross sectional study was done among 450 mothers who had babies less than one year of age in zone VI of Chennai Corporation, chosen by simple random method. A standardized pretested structured questionnaire was used for the study, which included details on background characteristics, marital status and fertility, awareness and motivation for early initiation, details of delivery and causes for non-initiation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence ; Early Initiation ; Breastfeeding ; Mothers ; Chennai City.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 05:04
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 05:04
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1171

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