A Study on prevalence of overweight and obesity among women aged 20 years and above in an Urban Slum of Chennai.

Anuradha, R (2010) A Study on prevalence of overweight and obesity among women aged 20 years and above in an Urban Slum of Chennai. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: According to World Health Organisation (WHO) the global Prevalence of overweight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions. The World Health Organization has described obesity as one of Today’s most neglected public health problems. Following the increase in Adult obesity, the proportion of children and adolescents who are Overweight and obese have also been increasing. Rapidly changing Diets and lifestyles are fueling the global obesity epidemic. According to recent estimates, there are more than one billion Overweight people worldwide, and some 300 million of these are Estimated to be obese. Once considered a problem related to affluence, obesity is now fast Growing in many developing countries. Even in countries like India, which are typically known for high Prevalence of undernutrition, significant proportions of overweight and Obese now coexist with the undernourished . Problems of overweight and obesity are caused by chronic Imbalance between energy intake and actual energy needs of the body. In Many developing countries, with increasing urbanization, mechanization Of jobs and transportation, availability of processed and fast foods, and Dependence on television for leisure, people are fast adopting less Physically active lifestyles and consuming more energy-dense, nutrient poor Diets. As a result, overweight and obesity and associated chronic health Problems, such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, cancer, And muscluloskeletal disorders, are increasing rapidly, particularly among The middle-class, urban populations.3,7 ,8, 9Overweight and obesity are Most closely related to non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or Type 2 Diabetes. It is estimated that more than two-thirds of all diabetes mellitus Cases can be linked to overweight conditions. OBJECTIVES : 1. To find out the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Women aged 20 years and above in an urban slum of Chennai. 2. To identify the risk factors associated with overweight and Obesity in the above study population . SUMMARY : A cross sectional study was carried out in Ponvel Pillai Thottam slum to find out the prevalence of overweight and obesity among women aged 20 years and above . The study revealed the following findings: • The prevalence of overweight was 27.7% with the 95% confidence interval of 24.3% to 32.2% . The prevalence of obesity was 19.8% with the 95% confidence interval of 16.5% to 23.6% • The prevalence of overweight was highest (42.7%) in the age group between 30-39 years. However there was no significant association between prevalence of overweight and age. • Women having higher secondary educational status and above had increased prevalence of overweight than illiterate women. • As socioeconomic status of increased the prevalence of overweight increased and was statistically significant. • The prevalence of overweight increased as the number of pregnancies increased and was statistically significant. • The prevalence of overweight in those who had family history of overweight was higher than for those without family history of overweight and it was found to be statistically highly significant. • Higher prevalence of overweight was found among those women who were sedentary and was found to be statistically significant. • Women who sleep < 7 hrs and those who sleep> 9hrs had higher prevalence of overweight. Women who sleep after taking lunch were found to be at higher risk of being overweight. • Inadequate intake of fruits and increased consumption of cereals, sugar and oil was found to be higher among overweight women. CONCLUSIONS : The study concludes that women with higher educational and socio economic status, family history of overweight, higher number of pregnancies, sedentary life style, improper sleep and improper diet are at higher risk of being overweight/obese. Life style modification and healthy diet is essential to prevent the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: overweight obesity ; women ; aged 20 years above ; urban slum ; Chennai.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 04:58
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 04:58
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1164

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