Effectiveness of Information, Education and Communication Package on Knowledge regarding Reproductive and Sexual Health among Adolescent Girls in selected schools at Trichy and Karur district

Dhivya, M (2018) Effectiveness of Information, Education and Communication Package on Knowledge regarding Reproductive and Sexual Health among Adolescent Girls in selected schools at Trichy and Karur district. Masters thesis, Dr. G. Sakunthala College of Nursing, Trichy.

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Abstract

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: A quasi experimental study to assess the effectiveness of information, education and communication package on knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in selected schools at Trichy and karur district, 2017-2018. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the existing level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in control group and experimental group. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of information, education and communication package on knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in experimental group. 3. To compare the mean post level of knowledge of regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in control group and experimental group. 4. To determine the association between selected demographic variables with pre test level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in control group. 5. To determine the association between selected demographic variables with pre test level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in experimental group. HYPOTHESIS: At p < 0.05 level of significance H1: There would be a significant difference in level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in experimental group. H2: There would be a significant difference in post test level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in control and experimental group. H3: There would be a significant association between selected demographic variables with pre test level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in control group. H4: There would be a significant association between selected demographic variables pre test level of knowledge regarding reproductive and sexual health among adolescent girls in experimental group. Conceptual Frame Work: Rosenstocks and Becker‟s health belief model (1974). Research design: Quasi experimental design. Population: The study population consisted of adolescent girls who were studying 9th standard. Sampling technique: Non probability convenience sampling technique was used. Samples: Adolescent girls who were studying in 9thstandard at Government Girls Higher Secondary Schools at Karur and Trichy Distirct. Sample Size: 60 samples. Setting: Government girls higher secondary school at Karur and Musiri. Tool: Self-administered knowledge questionnaire. Data collection: The data collection was held from 01-03-2018 to 10-04-2018. Before starting the study the researcher was obtained a formal permission from the principal, head of department pediatrics and research committee members of Dr.G.Sakunthala College of Nursing. Prior to data collection the investigator obtained formal permission from the headmistress & class teacher of the respective schools to conduct the study. The nature and purpose of the study was explained to the students. Samples were selected by non-probability convenience sampling technique and quasi experimental design was used. The researcher was initially obtained oral consent from each student and the knowledge questionnaires were administered to each sample including demographic data. During the first day pre assessment about the knowledge on reproductive and sexual health for experimental group of students were given using structured self-administered knowledge questionnaire. On first day itself health education on reproductive and sexual health related information was given to experimental group of students through the information education and communication package on 02.03.2018. On fifteenth day post test was given for experimental group of students. During the first day pre assessment about the knowledge on reproductive and sexual health for control group of students were given using structured self-administered knowledge questionnaire. On fifteenth day post test was given for control group of students. After post test the researcher was given health education through the information education and communication package on 19.03.2018 for control group. DATA ANALYSIS: The data was analysed and interpreted in terms of objectives and research hypothesis. Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) inferential statistics (paired t-test, independent t-test and chi-square) were used to test the hypothesis. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: 1. The result of the study showed that the pre test level of knowledge was moderate and inadequate in both control group and experimental group. 2. The findings showed that the mean post test level of knowledge was significantly higher than the mean pre test level of knowledge among adolescent girls in control and experimental group. 3. There was a highly significant on mean post test level of knowledge among adolescent girls in experimental group as compared to control group. 4. There was no significant association between selected demographic variables with level of knowledge in control group. 5. There was no significant association between selected demographic variables with level of knowledge in experimental group. CONCLUSION: The study brought out the following conclusion that education to the adolescent girls is very important regarding reproductive and sexual health. Adolescent girls knowledge improved after the administration of information, education and communication package. Therefore, awareness regarding the female reproductive system and its functions, proper menstrual hygienic practices, psychological changes during puberty, good touch and bad touch, prevention of STD and HIV/AIDS and promotion of physical, mental and social wellbeing through health education can be promoted for the forthcoming generation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Reg.No.301616351
Uncontrolled Keywords: Information, Education and Communication Package, Knowledge, Reproductive and Sexual Health, Adolescent Girls.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2019 18:36
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2019 02:54
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/11619

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