A Cross Sectional study of Prevalence of Anaemia among Rural Adolescent Girls of Tamil Nadu.

Vijayalakshmi, M (2009) A Cross Sectional study of Prevalence of Anaemia among Rural Adolescent Girls of Tamil Nadu. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: World interest in adolescent health issue has grown dramatically in the past decades Beginning with the international year of youth in 1985 and WH assembly in 1989, when discussion were focused on health of youth. Adolescence is the period of transition between childhood and adulthood. Adolescent Is defined by WHO as a person between 10-19 years of age. There are about 1.2 billion Adolescents worldwide and one in every five people in the world is an adolescent Adolescence is a phase of rapid growth and development during which physical, Sexual and emotional changes occur. Adolescents are not homogeneous group and their needs Vary with their gender, stage of development, life circumstances and the socio economic Conditions in which they live. WHO, along with its partners, UNICEF and UNFPA, advocate an accelerated Approach to promote the health and development of adolescents and young people in the Second decade of life. Adolescence represents a real opportunity to make a difference in lifelong pattern. As On March 2001, adolescents account for 22.8% of the population of India. There are around 239 million adolescents in India in the age group of 10-19 years presently.3 over the next two Decades the number of adolescents is likely to increase further. Among adolescents, girls Contribute a vulnerable group, particularly in developing countries where they are Traditionally married at an early age and exposed to a greater risk of morbidity and mortality. Adolescent girls up to the age of 19 compromise about ¼ of Indian population. They are Estimated to be around 105 million in India. Adolescence is marked as a period of growth spurt and maturation. Extent of physical Growth is not determined by genetic, heredity factors alone but also on availability of Adequate nutrition, micronutrients in the diet and access to health services.5 Extra nutritional Requirements include increased intake of calcium, iron, iodine, minerals and proteins. Inadequate nutrition during adolescence can have serious consequences throughout Reproductive years and beyond. Unmet nutritional needs lead to several public health Problems such as stunted and retarded growth, impaired mental development, anaemia, Complications during pregnancy and low birth weight babies. OBJECTIVES : 1. To study the prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls of age 10-19yrs of Ponthavakkam Health Sub Centre, Katchur PHC, Tiruvallur District. 2. To find out the possible factors associated with Anaemia among these girls. JUSTIFICATION : Adolescents are a special group with special characteristics, 10 due to spurt in growth and sexual maturity, having higher demand for special nutritional consumption. As the changes occur in physical, psychological and social aspects, it is of imperative importance to assess their physical and mental status during their adolescent phase. The adolescent girls constitute an area that is not well researched and there is need to investigate their basic health needs. Adolescent girls are a vulnerable group who are potential mothers and future home makers. Adolescent pregnancies are common in India and anaemia is one of the serious health problems for adolescent girls. There are over 10 million pregnant adolescents and adolescent mothers in India, with one in six girls age 13-19 beginning childbearing. Lifestyle of rural adolescents is quite different from that of urban adolescents. For young girls in rural India, poor nutrition, early child bearing, and reproductive health complications compound the difficulties of adolescent physical development. Anaemia is one of the primary contributors to maternal mortality (20-25%) and is associated with compromised pubertal growth spurt and cognitive development among girls aged 10-19. The poor nutritional status of these adolescent mothers heightens obstetric risk during pregnancy and childbirth, contributes to maternal mortality, and puts their infants at risk. Neonatal and infant mortality rates among adolescent mothers are 60% higher than among infants born to mothers in the 20-29 age groups14. To plan effective intervention it is important to understand the epidemiology. In view of the above reasons, this study of prevalence of anaemia and the possible associated factors among adolescent girls of age 10- 19 yrs of Ponthavakkam health sub centre was conducted.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: A Cross-Sectional ; Prevalence Anaemia Among ; Rural Adolescent Girls ; Tamil Nadu.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2017 02:25
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2017 02:25
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1122

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